Tag Archive: PSAHelpline


09 - 07

There are two types of Philhealth members, those whose contributions are regularly remitted by their employers, part of which is deducted from their salaries, and those who pay for their contributions voluntarily.  Of the two types, the latter often fall into the trap of foregoing monthly remittances to Philhealth and as a result, their claims for benefits and assistance are adversely affected.

We ran a research on how Pinoys can keep their contributions regular and consistent, and why we all need to make an effort to ensure that our Philhealth memberships are updated.

Read on!

Why must a member pay his contributions regularly?

Regularly contributing to Philhealth assures the member of hassle-free availment of hospitalization benefits when medical needs arise.  This will also ensure the member’s qualification/eligibility to register under the Lifetime Member Program upon reaching the age of 60 years old, provided he has paid at least 120 monthly premium contributions.

How much is the premium contribution rate?

The premium contribution that each member has to pay is detailed in the following table:

09 - 07 TABLE (2)

Are overtime pay, commissions, and allowances included in the computation of premium contributions of employees?

No they are not included.  The amount of monthly premium contribution of members shall be based on the employee’s salary or wage, which is the basic monthly compensation received for services rendered.

Where can the members remit their contributions?

  1. Philhealth has over 100 service offices all over the country wherein members can pay for their premiums.
  2. Philhealth has also accredited the following collecting agents:
  • More than 1,000 CIS Bayad Centers
  • Collecting Banks
  • MLhuillier Philippines Pawnshops
  • LBC Express outlets
  • Offices of the Philippine Postal Corporation
  • Selected Local Government Units
  1. For Overseas Workers Program Members, i-Remit branches, other partner agents, and foreign offices of Philippine Veterans Bank (UK, Abu Dhabi, and Qatar) also accept premium payments.

When is the deadline for paying my premium contributions?

The following table summarizes when premiums have to be in for each member category:

Membership Category Deadline for Paying Premium
Overseas Worker Before leaving the country or before the last contribution expires.
Employed Tenth day of the following month.
Sponsored Based on the agreement between the Sponsor and Philhealth
Individually Paying 1. Semi-annually/Annually – last day of the third month of the first quarter.

2. Quarterly – last day of the third month of a quarter.

3. Monthly – last day of the month.

What is the effectivity date of Philhealth coverage?

Philhealth benefit coverage starts upon payment of premium (no waiting period) and is valid for one year from the date of payment.

 What are the requirements for eligibility?  When is a member eligible to claim?

In order to become eligible to claim benefits, a member must pay premium contributions regularly.  If the member missed paying for a certain period, he/she and his/her dependents may not be able to use the benefits.  The table below summarizes the eligibility requirements:

Sponsored Members Date of hospitalization/availment must be within the effectivity period indicated in the member’s ID and MDR.
Individually Paying Members 1. There are certain confinement cases wherein three months’ worth of premium within the last six months (3/6) prior to confinement is acceptable.

2. For pregnancy-related cases, dialysis, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and other selected surgical procedures, the member must have paid nine months worth of premium within the last 12 months (9/12) prior to confinement in order to become eligible.

Lifetime Members and Senior Citizens The member just has to show their Lifetime ID Card or Senior Citizen ID; no need to pay premiums anymore.
Employed Members Three months worth of premium within the last six months (3/6) prior to hospitalization.
Overseas Workers Date of hospitalization/availment must be within the coverage period specified in the member’s MDR.

Just remember the 3/6, 9/12, and effectivity period requirements and you’re good to go!

We will continue with more information on eligibility, contributions, and benefits availment tomorrow.  Meantime, if you have questions about Philhealth membership, send us a message and we will answer your questions to the best of our abilities (and as far as our research will take us!).  You are most welcome to share your knowledge on related topics as well.

Source: www.philhealth.gov.ph

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

Advertisements

08 - 23

Dual citizenship among natural-born Filipinos is made possible by RA 9225 or the Citizenship Retention and Re-acquisition Act of 2003.   Pinoys who have lost their Filipino citizenship by virtue of naturalization in a foreign country may now reacquire or retain their Philippine citizenship and enjoy the same benefits afforded to Filipinos in our country.

One such benefit is the social health insurance coverage provided by Philhealth.

Yes!  Pinoys with dual citizenship can now avail of Philhealth benefits.  This good news was shared through the Philhealth website last August 10, 2017.

Here’s how a Filipino with Dual Citizenship (FDC) can register his Philhealth membership:

  1. Submit a properly filled out Philhealth Member Registration Form (PMRF);
  2. Submit a copy of your Certificate of Re-acquisition/Retention of Philippine Citizenship (CRPC) or Identification Certificate (IC) issued by the Philippine Embassy or Philippine Consulate abroad, or by the Bureau of Immigration.

For FDCs declaring legal dependents, the same requirements above, including:

  1. Copy of the CRPC or IC to the PMRF for children below 21 years old who are not gainfully employed and unmarried.
  2. If declaring children above 21 years old but are suffering from disability, either physical or mental, or any disability acquired that renders them totally dependent on the member for support, the FDCs should attach a copy of the CRPC or IC and a Medical Certificate stating and describing the extent of disability.

For FDCs declaring their spouses as dependents:

A legitimate spouse who is similarly a Filipino with dual citizenship but is not a Philhealth member may be declared as dependent.  Here are the requirements:

  1. Copy of the marriage contract;
  2. CRPC or IC must be attached to the PMRF.
  3. Foreign spouses are not considered qualified legal dependents of FDCs.

For FDCs declaring their Filipino parents as dependents:

  1. Parents who are below 60 years and are suffering from disability, either physical or mental, or any disability acquired that renders them totally dependent on the member for support.
  2. Copy of the FDC’s birth certificate;
  3. Copy of the parents’ birth certificate;
  4. Medical Certificate stating the extent of the parents’ disability must be attached to the PMRF as support documents.

How much should an FDC remit as his monthly contribution?

The premium contribution of FDCs is pegged at Php 3,600.00 a year.  This shall be remitted to any Philhealth office or to any accredited local or overseas collecting agent.  Advance payment of premiums shall be allowed for a maximum period of two consecutive years only.

Where can FDC members and their dependents avail of Philhealth benefits?

The FDCs and their qualified dependents can avail themselves of Philhealth benefits in any accredited health care institution in the Philippines, or in health care facilities abroad, provided that they have paid their premium contributions or at least three (3) months within the six-month period prior to the first day of availment.

What benefits can FDC Philhealth members avail of and where?

FDCs and their qualified dependents can avail themselves of Philhealth benefits in any accredited health care institution  in the Philippines, or in health care facilities abroad, provided that they have paid their premium contributions of at least three (3) months within the six-month period prior to the first day of availment.

Aside from the in-patient benefits, they are also entitled to the following:

  1. Special benefit packages
  2. Z benefits subject to implementing guidelines on availment.
  3. Eligible to reimburse benefits for confinements abroad equivalent to the full Case Rate amount, payable in Philippine peso.

If you have further questions about FDCs’ Philhealth membership, you may call the Philhealth Action Center hotline at 02 441 7442 or through the Overseas Filipinos Program at ofp@philhealth.gov.ph.

Source: www.philhealth.gov.ph

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

08 - 17

Our family will be traveling to Japan later this year and we are currently in the process of completing all our documentary requirements for our visa application.  I was tasked to take care of everyone’s copies of PSA birth and marriage certificates, and make sure these are ready for submission by the end of the month.

Back in the ‘90s, this would have been a herculean task – traveling all the way to an NSO branch (PSA used to be called NSO), lining up for my turn, and waiting until they are able to release my requested documents.  With the 15 names and 4 marriages in my list that needed PSA certificates, it would have taken me the whole day to get the errand done.  I would have had to take a leave from work and spend extra on gas, parking, and food.

Good thing I can do all these online now, through PSAHelpline.ph.  The moment I got my assignment from my Tita during our Sunday family lunch, I immediately borrowed by cousin’s laptop and began submitting my orders online.  The process is really easy and simple:

  1. Log on to www.psahelpline.ph and click on the type of certificate you need (in my case, 15 birth certificates and 4 marriage certificates).  Take note that you will be placing one order for each person’s certificate (I had to be patient, but only for 30 minutes, not an entire day!).
  2. Choose the reason for ordering the certificate.  I chose the first one: Passport/Travel; I also had to select the country we were traveling to.
  3. You will be taken to a page where you’ll have to type the certificate owner’s information.  If you are applying for a different person (other than yourself), it’s best to have their complete information handy so you don’t waste your time going back and forth, asking for their personal details.  This is why I endeavored to finish the task while the entire family was literally, “under the same roof”.
  4. After submitting all your information, you will be asked if you had any procedure done on your certificate such as: Correction of Entries, Legitimation, Adoption, Court Hearings, and Supplemental.  If you’ve never had any, just click on “None”.
  5. The next page will ask who is requesting for the document.  Anybody can request for a person’s birth certificate PROVIDED he is of legal age and has a valid ID that matches the name on the application form.  The ID will be presented to the courier upon delivery.  On the same page, you will also be asked for authorized representatives who can receive the documents on your behalf in case you are not around when the courier arrives.  Again, these representatives must have valid IDs that they can present upon documents’ delivery.  As the requesting party, you must also provide the representatives with a Letter of Authorization and one of your valid IDs.
  6. On the Checkout page, you have a chance to double check all the information you provided.  Before submitting your request, you will be asked to provide your contact information, the complete delivery address, and the number of copies you need delivered.  One copy costs P350, this already includes processing and delivery.
  7. Upon hitting the “Submit” button, you will be taken to the confirmation page.  You will then receive an email from PSAHelpline with your order number and the different modes of payments.
  8. Pay and wait for your orders to be delivered.

And now, the easier part: paying for my orders!  I was delighted to see that PSAHelpline now has various payment center partners that we could choose from.  Normally, I would simply whip out my credit card and pay online but since the transactions involved a lot of other people, I opted not to offer my card (hehe!).

Visit my blog again tomorrow for details on the different payment options of PSAHelpline.  Meantime, let me go online to shop for preloved winter clothes to prepare for our Japan trip!

Arigatou gozaimasu!

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

 

 

08-15

Now that the rainy season is upon us, a lot of areas in Metro Manila as well as in the provinces are once again on guard for the anticipated onslaught of typhoons and flash floods.  Sadly, no matter how well a community, city, or province prepare for the worst, a lot of families still get adversely affected by the wrath of these typhoons and thunderstorms.  Houses, vehicles, and businesses are destroyed mercilessly by nature, leaving its helpless owners wondering how they can rebuild their hard-earned investments.

The Social Security System responds to such emergency needs by offering its Calamity Loan privileges to SSS members in calamity-stricken areas, as declared by the government.

What is the SSS Calamity Loan?

This is a new and separate loan window from the regular salary loan offered to members who live or work in areas declared to be under the State of Calamity by the government.

The salary loan amount is determined by the SSS and is payable in two years in 24 equal monthly installments, with an annual interest rate of 10% and 1% monthly penalty for late payments.

How does a member qualify for the SSS Calamity Loan?

Members should have a home address or property in the covered areas and a minimum of 36 monthly contributions, six of which should be paid within the 12-month period preceding the date of application.

SSS will announce when they will start accepting calamity loan applications over the counter at their branches and only then will members’ applications be entertained.

Are OFWs and Seafarer members qualified to apply?

Yes they are, as long as they can show proof that their property is covered by the calamity.  They can apply through their designated representatives who should present an authorization letter to the SSS.

What are the requirements when applying for a calamity loan?

Apart from their SSS ID, a member must submit a Barangay Certification that will attest to their residence in the declared calamity area or to their current status as an OFW or seafarer.  Any previous calamity loans must be fully paid before the member can avail of another calamity loan.

My property is covered by the calamity area, how come my application for an SSS calamity loan was denied?

Those who availed of the SSS Loan Restructuring Program and those with final benefit claims such as for total permanent disability and retirement, are excluded from the program.

Take note that calamities are not restricted to natural disasters such as storms, earthquakes, drought, and the like.  SSS members in war-torn Marawi have been declared qualified to avail of the said calamity loan.

For more information on the SSS calamity loan, you may visit their website at www.sss.gov.ph or visit the nearest SSS office in your area.

 

Source:

www.sss.gov.ph

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

07 - 07

Z Benefit Packages were created by the government to help address patients’ needs of some cancer cases and other illnesses that require longer hospital confinement and special treatment procedures.  These are available through Philhealth and may be availed by contributing members and their qualified dependents.

In the third installment of our blog series on Philhealth benefits, we are going to feature the partial list of illnesses categorized as “Z” cases and the corresponding amount of Philhealth benefits for each:

Benefit Package and Amount of Benefit Selections Criteria
Acute Lymphocytic / Lymphoblastic Leukemia (standard risk)

Php 210,000.00

a. Signed Member Empowerment (ME) Form;

b. Age 1 to less than 10 years old;

c. White blood cell count <50,000/µL;

d. No CNS leukemia diagnosis

Breast Cancer (Stage 0 to IIIA)

Php 100,000.00

a. Signed ME form

b. Follow Philhealth’s prescribed clinical and TNM staging.

Prostate Cancer (low to maintenance risk)

Php 100,000.00

a. Signed ME Form;

b. Male patients age up to 70 years old;

c. Follow Philhealth’s prescribed clinical stage.

d. Localized prostate cancer; and

e. No uncontrolled co-morbid conditions.

End-state renal disease eligible for requiring kidney transplantation (low risk)

Php 600,000.00

a. Signed ME Form;

b. Age >10 and <70 years old;

Single organ transplant

c. Follow prescribed conditions for kidney transplant for recipient.

d. Certification from social service of the hospital that they can maintain anti-rejection medicines for the next three years.

Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery (standard risk)

Php 550,000.00

a. Signed ME Form

b. Age 19 to 70 years

c. Should pass current medical status and past history as prescribed by Philhealth.

Surgery for Tetralogy of Fallot in Children

Php 320,000.00

a. Signed ME Form

b. Age: 1 to 10 years + 364 days

c. Should pass 2D Echo and Functional Class specifications prescribed by Philhealth.

Surgery for Ventricular Septal Defect in Children

Php 250,000.00

a. Signed ME Form

b. Age: 1 to 5 years + 364 days

c. Must pass 2D Echo results as prescribed by Philhealth.

d. No previous cardiac surgery.

e. Must pass pulmonary artery pressure as prescribed by Philhealth.

Cervical Cancer:

a. Chemoradiation with Cobalt and Brachytherapy (low dose).

Php 120,000.00

 

b. Chemoradiation with Linear Accelerator and Brachytherapy (high dose)

Php 175,000.00

a. Signed ME Form

b. No previous chemotherapy

c. No previous radiotherapy

d. No uncontrolled co-morbid conditions

e. Treatment plan from gynecologic oncologist

On Monday, we will feature Z benefits dealing with fractures, orthopedic implants, and rehabilitation, so stay tuned.

If you have questions about Philhealth benefits, send us a message and we will do our best to search for the best answers for you.

Have a great weekend!

Source: https://www.philhealth.gov.ph/benefits/

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

07 - 04

Are you leaving the country to work as an Overseas Filipino Worker (OFW) for the first time?

We researched on important information that OFWs need to be aware of before they sign a contract with an employer or an agency.  We are sharing this list from the Philippine Overseas Employment Administration (POEA) to help all aspiring Pinoys be on the safe side when scouting for job opportunities abroad.

In 2015, the POEA reported that there are more than 1.8 million OFWs around the world, 1.4 million of which are land-based and most of the OFW population is composed of women workers.  These statistics dictate the urgent need to keep Pinoys well-informed of their rights and privileges in as far as labor (whether domestic or international) is concerned.

We hope the following list lifted from the POEA can help our kababayans prepare themselves for the 2-year haul of working in foreign soil.

Read on.

OFWs are entitled to:

  • A minimum monthly salary of $400 (USD or its equivalent in the country where the OFW will be deployed).
  • At least one day off per week.
  • Free transportation from the Philippines to the host country and back.
  • Free accommodation and food.
  • Free medical and dental services.
  • Vacation leave with pay of up to 15 days a year.
  • Personal life accident, medical and repatriation insurance from a reputable insurance company.
  • Remittance of money to the Philippines, and assistance from the employer in setting up a bank account.
  • Just and humane treatment from the employer.

OFWs are reminded as well to take care of their passports and work / residence permits.  Keep photocopies of these important documents in their possession at all times.  They are also encouraged to leave photocopies with their families in the Philippines as reference.

The minimum age requirement for OFWs is 23 years old.  Do not even attempt to fake your age when applying for a job as this will definitely result in serious problems later on, more so when discovered by (sometimes unforgiving ) foreign employers.

If you are applying as a household service worker, your employment contract must be approved by the Philippine Overseas Labor Office for your protection.  There should be no placement fees to work abroad as well.

If you have questions about OFW rights and privileges, send us a message and we will do our best to search for the answers for you.

Source: www.poea.gov.ph

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

06 - 29 (1)

A common question we receive from readers is how to remarry without going through the process of annulment or divorce.  Of course the obvious answer to this question is there is no other way for a married person to get married again unless his or her spouse dies and makes him a widow/widower.  This answer gave birth to more questions about negligence, abandonment, and presumptive death as grounds for the other party to seek solace in another person’s company.  Questions such as: I haven’t seen or heard from my husband for five years! Can I remarry now? fill our mailboxes almost every day.

Oh love, how could you be so sweet and bitter at the same time?

To help shine some light into this madness, we are sharing the following list of legal requirements for declaration of judicial presumption of death, as lifted from the Public Attorney’s Office website.  It would be safe to assume that the absence of any of these requirements would demerit your case of tagging your spouse as “deceased” and prevent you from marrying again.  If you have further questions, you may get in touch with a lawyer who can explain this to you in detail.

Read on.

“Before a judicial declaration of presumptive death can be obtained, it must be shown that the prior spouse has been absent for four consecutive years and the present spouse has a well-founded belief that the prior spouse was already dead.  Under Article 41 of the Family Code, there are four essential requisites for the declaration of presumptive death:

  1. That the absent spouse has been missing for four consecutive years, or two consecutive years if the disappearance occurred where there is danger of death under the circumstances laid down in Article 391 of the Civil Code;
  2. That the present spouse wishes to remarry;
  3. That the present spouse has a well-founded belief that the absentee is dead; and,
  4. That the present spouse files a summary of proceeding for the declaration of presumptive death of the absentee.”

While the requirements may seem lenient, we must be reminded that the court will study the present spouse’s claim closely and will check if he or she exerted effort to locate the missing spouse.  It is up to the court to decide whether these efforts meet the required degree of stringent diligence prescribed by jurisprudence.  Proofs may be gathered to support the present spouse’s claim that he or she really did try to look for the missing spouse; these could be police reports, public announcements about the missing person, and personal testimonies of people involved in the search.

If you are in a similar situation, we hope the above article helped clear some areas you may still be struggling with.  Again, your best recourse is to seek the assistance of a lawyer.

If you have questions about annulment and separation in the Philippines, drop us a line and we will do our best to search for the answer for you.

Reference: www.pao.gov.ph

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

05 - 15

Aling Nelia is a housewife and a mother of five children.  On her 57th birthday, her kids pooled their resources and surprised her with a round-trip ticket to Hong Kong as it has always been her ardent dream to see the place.

She began working on the required documents while waiting for her passport application appointment at the DFA.  However, when she got hold of her PSA birth certificate, she realized that her name is misspelled on the document.  Her real name, and the name that she has used all her life, is Cornelia Pineda Mangosing, while the name written in her birth certificate is Cornelio Pineda Mangosing.

At first glance, it looked like all Aling Nelia had to do was file a petition for correction of a clerical error on her birth certificate.  After all, it was just one letter – “o” in Cornelio should be changed to “a” to make it Cornelia.  However, when she sought assistance from the Local Civil Registry, she was informed that it is not as simple as it seemed.

What is the difference between correction of clerical error and change of name?

A lot, actually.

Correction of clerical error is covered by R.A. 9048 where an error in a birth certificate is corrected without the need to file a case in court, hire a lawyer, and attend hearings.  The corrections are applied by the LCR where the birth was registered.  RA 9048 may be applied if the error or errors are clearly typhographical in nature – harmless and innocuous.  An evidence of which is that the name, in its erroneous form, sounds ridiculous and tainted with dishonor.

On the other hand, a name that was supposedly misspelled but is still acceptable as a name, may not always be considered misspelled and therefore, may not be covered by the provisions of RA 9048.  Correcting such kinds of entries in a birth certificate follows a different process.

Cornelio vs. Cornelia

Aling Nelia’s name, as far as she is concerned, is misspelled.  Her name is Cornelia, not Cornelio.  Her argument is valid and she has all the documents to prove her claim.  However, the supposed misspelled name, Cornelio, is in itself, a name!  Changing the last letter to make it Cornelia would mean just that – changing the name – not merely correcting the spelling.

What should be done then?

Aling Nelia may resort to have the correction applied through a judicial proceeding.  She needs to file a verified petition in the Regional Trial Court of her birth place or where the LCR is located.  The rest of the procedures she needs to follow are outlined in Rule 108 of the Rules of Court in order to apply the necessary “correction”.  This may be better explained to her by a lawyer.

It may seem strange to have to go through a rather complicated process when all Aling Nelia wanted was to set her records straight and align the name on her birth certificate with the name that she had been using all her life.  At this point, she actually has two options: she could have her name changed through a court proceeding, or simply adopt “Cornelio” being the registered name and drop “Cornelia”.  The latter, of course, would be a ridiculous choice.

This is another reminder for all of us to always be careful when accomplishing public documents such as Certificates of Live Birth, Marriage Certificates, and Death Certificates.  An honest mistake may lead to a string of complications that may affect important transactions such as passport applications and benefit claims.

If you have questions regarding your birth certificate or think that there might be an error you need to rectify, proceed to the LCR office where your birth was registered.  You may also drop us a line and we will do our best to find the most accurate answers for you.

Source: www.psa.gov.ph

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

 

04 - 03

When a married couple separates, whether on their own terms or as prescribed by an annulment proceeding, child custody and support become a fundamental issue between the parties.  With whom should the children stay?  How often can their father / mother see them?  How will their basic needs be met?

In the Philippines, custody of children under seven years old is automatically granted to the mother as mandated by Article 213 of the Family Code.  This is applicable whether the child’s birthright is legitimate or illegitimate.  In the same manner, the father is expected to continue providing the needs of his children and not leave the mother to fend for the family on her own.

This arrangement is easier said than done as most post-annulment / separation issues stem from the fact that fathers fail to consistently provide for their children.  Each has his own reason for not being able to live up to what is expected of him (as the provider); others admit that they chose to discontinue financially supporting their children through the estranged wife because of trust issues.

In the midst of these marital (and extra-marital) issues are the children and their escalating living necessities.  This blog receives a lot of questions about child support and legal actions against fathers who fail to provide for their children.  We all have that one friend who is perpetually asking about means to compel her ex-husband to give and give more as the children’s basic needs rapidly become anything but basic.

We ran a research on child support, as dictated by Philippine laws, in an attempt to shed light in this touchy issue.  We hope these information help put your questions on child support to rest, or at least lead you towards the right decisions in upholding the rights of your children.

How much should a father give as financial support to his children?

According to the Family Code (Articles 194, 201, and 202):

Support comprises everything indispensable for sustenance, dwelling, clothing, medical attendance, education and transportation, in keeping with the financial capacity of the family.

The education of the person entitled to be supported referred to in the preceding paragraph shall include his schooling or training for some profession, trade, or vocation, even beyond the age of majority.  Transportation shall include expenses in going to and from school, or to and from place of work.

The amount of support, in the cases referred to in Articles 195 and 196, shall be in proportion to the resources or means of the giver and to the necessities of the recipient.

Support in the cases referred to in the preceding article shall be reduced or increased proportionately, according to the reduction or increase of the necessities of the recipient and the resources or means of the person obliged to furnish the same.

According to the Family Code:

  • The amount of support shall be based on the children’s needs and the father’s capacity to provide (earn).
  • The father is obligated to support his children’s education even after they have reached the age of emancipation.

Can I demand for support from my child’s father even if he is married to another woman (and my child, effectively, is illegitimate)?

Article 195 of the Family Code provides that both legitimate and illegitimate children have the right to receive financial support from their parents.  However, an illegitimate child’s right to support shall only arise if he was duly recognized by his father.

An illegitimate child may prove that he is recognized by his biological father through the following:

  1. Record of birth appearing in the civil register or a final judgment – with the father accomplishing the Affidavit of Acknowledgment / Admission of Paternity found at the back of his birth certificate.
  2. An admission of illegitimate filiation in a public document or a private handwritten instrument and signed by the parent concerned.

If the father refuses to recognize the child, the mother may seek to the court’s assistance by filing a Petition for Compulsory Recognition and Support.  This will entail hearings and other court proceedings and the mother must be prepared to fight it out in public.

If I win the petition, can I demand the father of my child to reimburse the expenses I incurred in the years that he did not provide for my child?

No; the father’s obligation to financially support the child begins from the date of judicial demand, or once the Petition for Compulsory Recognition and Support is approved by the court.

Do I have the right to demand for financial support from my ex-husband even if he is jobless?

In cases when the children’s father is jobless and has no means of income, financial support may be derived from the separate properties.  If the father does not have a separate property to liquidate, the funds may be taken from his and the children’s mother’s conjugal properties.  It shall be treated as an advance and will be deducted from the ex-husband’s share of the estate when it is liquidated.

Can I sue my ex-husband if he continues to ignore his parental responsibilities?

Filing a case in court to compel the children’s father to continue his obligation to provide for the children should be the last resort.  Yes, a mother can seek the court’s assistance in demanding for child support.  A father’s failure to comply with his obligation despite repeated reminders is a violation of RA 7610 (Special Protection of Children Against Abuse, Exploitation, and Discrimination Act, or RA 9262 – Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004) and is a criminal offense.

Sources:

www.gov.ph

http://jlp-law.com

http://www.manilatimes.net

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

02-13

The DFA will always refer to the authenticated copy of our PSA birth certificate for the accuracy and completeness of our names.  The name, and how it is written, on the birth certificate is what will appear on the passport.

Miguel Oben is an illegitimate child.  He has always used his mother’s last name as his surname (Oben); he leaves the middle name field blank in all of his documents and IDs.  When he applied for a passport, he was required to present a copy of his PSA birth certificate.  He was shocked to find that his name on his birth certificate is Miguel Villanueva Oben – Villanueva being his biological father’s last name!  He verified this against the copy of the LCR where his birth was registered and got the same results.  When he presented his birth certificate to the DFA, his passport application was denied.

What must be done in such cases?

Miguel was left with no choice but to have the issue on his birth certificate rectified at the Local Civil Registry where his birth was registered.  Since he is an illegitimate child and his father’s name does not appear on his birth certificate (except for his last name that somehow found its way to Miguel’s middle name field), he should continue carrying his mother’s last name while the middle name field must be left blank.

While waiting for the results from the Local Civil Registry (which could take between 6 months to a year), Miguel tried appealing his case to the DFA.  It turns out that he needs the passport to visit his mother who suffered a stroke in Guam, USA.  Luckily, he was able to support this claim with documents from his mother’s doctors.

Although it is not customary for the DFA to work around identity and documentary issues of passport applicants, there are certain cases when the application is reconsidered and additional documents are required.  Cases similar to Miguel’s may be required to present an Affidavit of One and The Same Person in support of the IDs and documents he presented bearing his name as Miguel Oben.  Apart from the said Affidavit, Miguel also attached a signed letter to the DFA stating that he shall be presenting the annotated copy of his birth certificate upon renewal of his passport.

Again, these kinds of issues are handled and evaluated by the DFA on a case-to-case basis.  The results of the evaluation are entirely up to the discretion of DFA’s experts.  At the end of the day, the public is expected to adhere to the policies of the DFA as published in their website and as posted in their offices.

Source: www.dfa.gov.ph

Chips And Nibblers (1)

Closet Queen

ad

%d bloggers like this: