Category: NSO Birth Certificates and more


 

Apr 17

Are you enrolling your child as a Senior High School student or college freshman in a few months?  Here are the basic requirements you need to prepare in order to achieve a hassle-free school admission.

Senior High School (K-12)

  1. Certificate of Junior High School Completion.
  2. Certificate of Good Moral Character (from the previous school, if you are transferring to another school).
  3. Form 138 (Report Card)
  4. Form 137 (Secondary Student’s Permanent Record).
  5. National Career Assessment Examination (NCAE) Certificate
  6. PSA Birth Certificate (formerly NSO birth certificate)
  7. ID pictures (white background)
  8. Medical Exams (schools may have a designated partner clinic for this).

College Freshman

  1. Certificate of Good Moral Character
  2. Form 138 (Report Card)
  3. Form 137 (Secondary Student’s Permanent Record)
  4. National Career Assessment Examination (NCAE) Certificate
  5. PSA Birth Certificate (formerly NSO birth certificate)
  6. PSA Marriage Certificate (if married)
  7. Medical Exams (schools may have a designated partner clinic for this).

College Transferees

  1. Honorable Dismissal or Transfer Credential
  2. Transcript of Records (CIIT provides crediting of subjects from your previous colleges especially for minor subjects).
  3. Course Description
  4. Copy of College Diploma (for second coursers only).
  5. PSA Birth Certificate (formerly NSO birth certificate).
  6. PSA Marriage Certificate (if married)
  7. Medical Exam (schools may have a designated partner clinic for this).

Prepare photocopies of your documents, as some schools require that you submit the original copies.  You may conveniently order for several copies of your PSA documents (birth, marriage) at www.psahelpline.ph and have these delivered to your home.

 

Reference:

www.deped.gov.ph

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Apr 13 (1)

If birth certificates do not expire, why do we need to secure new copies from the Philippine Statistics Authority (formerly National Statistics Office)?

In a recent radio interview, the assistant national statistician of the PSA mentioned the different reasons why Filipinos need to secure new copies of their civil registry records such as birth and marriage certificates.  Below is the list of reasons why you should request for brand new copies of your most important personal documents:

  1. PSA changes the color of the Security Paper they use when printing the birth certificates. All embassies and other government agencies are properly informed of this and therefore, are aware when a person’s birth certificate is an old copy or a new one.
  2. When the maximum number of printouts for a particular color scheme of the Security Paper is reached, the PSA changes the paper used for the birth certificates. This helps discourage the circulation of unauthorized and fake copies of birth, marriage, death, and Certificate of No Marriage (CENOMAR).
  3. It is the government agencies’ and other offices’ discretion to require brand new copies of PSA documents as a prerequisite for certain transactions. This means that some agencies may still accept certificates printed in old Security Papers, while others may reject these and require the applicants to submit new ones.  This is especially true when the applicant’s copy is dilapidated or when the entries in the document are hardly readable.
  4. You may secure copies of your PSA certificates at any of the six PSA outlets in Metro Manila or by calling the PSAHelpline hotline at 02-737-1111 and have your documents delivered to you instead.

For more information about PSA birth certificate delivery, visit www.psahelpline.ph.

References:

http://news.abs-cbn.com

www.psa.gov.ph

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Feb 20 (1)

Mang Roy was a famous farmer in their barrio.  His success story, from being a humble tenant who plants and harvests for landlords, to being one of the wealthiest landowners and supplier of root crops, fruits, and vegetables in their province, is well-known in their barangay.  When he retired from farming at the age of 62, he has successfully established his family’s properties and remained to be the largest supplier of milled rice in their region.

Sadly though, Mang Roy passed away shortly after handing over the operations of their farms to his eldest daughter. After his death, his family decided to subdivide part of Mang Roy’s farmland, the areas that he set apart for his children’s inheritance.

Through the help of a lawyer, the documents needed to transfer the land’s titles to Mang Roy’s children were filed at the Registry of Deeds.  Everything went smoothly until the ROD required the children to submit a copy of Mang Roy’s birth certificate.

His wife requested for a copy at the Philippine Statistics Authority although, at the back of her mind, she knows that she has never seen a copy of her husband’s birth certificate.  She recalls him saying once that he doesn’t have a birth certificate.

True enough, their request returned void; they were instead handed a negative certificate – meaning, Mang Roy’s birth is not registered.  When they inquired how they can get a copy of Mang Roy’s birth certificate, they were advised to apply for a late registration of birth at the LCR in Mang Roy’s birthplace.

Late registration of birth happens when a child remains unregistered at the Local Civil Registry of his birthplace for more than 30 days after his birth.  For various reasons, parents fail to report their child’s birth to the municipal hall and as a result, these children grow up without a record of their birth.  Not having a birth certificate is not a complicated matter since all you have to do is submit the person’s information for proper registration.  It becomes complicated when the person you wish to register is already dead.

Although the requirements for late registration are pretty simple (an original copy of your Baptismal Certificate and a Certified True Copy of the person’s Marriage Certificate), these may prove to be inutile since the person who needs to be registered is already dead.  However, without Mang Roy’s birth certificate, his children may not be granted their inheritance.

Their family lawyer advised them to execute a Joint Affidavit of Two Disinterested Persons – an attestation from two individuals who are not related to Mang Roy’s family but are fully aware of Mang Roy’s identity and roots.  This affidavit shall support the details of Mang Roy’s birth date and birthplace.  This, together with the negative certificate given by the PSA, shall then be submitted to the Registry of Deeds to fulfill the requirement for Mang Roy’s birth certificate.

Mang Roy’s children sought the kind help of their former landlords and the tenants of their farmlands.  All these people knew their father from as far back as when he was starting as a humble farmer and are all qualified to execute the needed affidavit.  As soon as the documents were notarized, Mang Roy’s children trooped to the ROD, submitted the documents, and explained to the clerk that their father’s birth was never registered and he did not have a birth certificate all his life.

Fortunately, the RDO accepted the documents and released the land titles of each of Mang Roy’s children.

It is important for all Filipinos to be duly registered at the LCR of their birthplaces and to have a copy of his birth certificate all the time.  If your parents still do not have birth certificates, find time to register them at their birthplaces so they would be properly accounted for by the PSA.  Every member of your household must have a copy of their PSA birth certificate, printed on the PSA’s Security Paper.

Reference: www.psa.gov.ph

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Jan 26

I was never a fan of keeping files as these have the tendency to pile up on my desk over time.  I have developed the habit of just getting what I need when I need it.  However, I realized this may not be a good practice when it comes to personal documents such as my birth certificate, transcript of records from college, and medical files.  Late last year, I was tasked to accompany my mom (who is a senior citizen) to the DFA to renew her passport.  Since she is a senior citizen, she was granted access to the Priority Lane and as her companion, I can have mine renewed on the same day as well.  It would have been the perfect opportunity to accomplish that task when we visited the DFA except that I did not have a copy of my PSA birth certificate.  I watched my mom breeze through the passport renewal process while I sat there, sadly thinking of the long and arduous process of snagging an appointment online and waiting for months for my turn at the DFA – all because I did not have a ready copy of my PSA birth certificate.

I am writing this piece to help shed some light on the importance of keeping your files updated with a ready copy of your personal documents from the PSA.  This is not limited to just birth certificates; married couples need to have a copy of their marriage certificate and every death in the family must be properly registered and documented too.  Keep copies of the PSA death certificates of your elders and other family members; you never know when you might need this for claims and possible inheritances.

Reasons why you need to always have a copy of your PSA birth certificate:

  1. Obtaining a Driver’s License

A driver’s license is one of the top government-issued IDs honored in almost all, if not all, public and private transactions (schools, banks, etc.).  You have to have your own license by the time you turn 21 years old (at least! Although I got mine when I turned 19).  Your PSA birth certificate is a basic requirement when applying for a driver’s license at the LTO.

  1. Applying for your Social Security System (SSS) number and ID

Your SSS number is a basic requirement when applying for a job (fresh graduates).  Again, your PSA birth certificate is a basic requirement, whether you are applying for your SSS number online or are appearing personally at an SSS office.

  1. Getting Married

You cannot get married in the Philippines without a proper Marriage License issued by the city or municipal hall.  In order to be issued a Marriage License, you need to prove that you are of legal, marrying age or if you still need to present your parents’ consent.  They will require a copy of your PSA birth certificate before they process your request for a Marriage License.

  1. Traveling Abroad

Whether you are a first-time applicant or are simply renewing your old passport, you need to present a copy of your PSA birth certificate.  The DFA will keep the original copy (or the copy you obtained from PSA) so make sure to photocopy your birth certificate before heading for your passport interview.  Or better yet, order more than one copy of your birth certificate so you can keep the rest for your files.  Yes, some government agencies require the original, not the reproduced copy.

  1. Bank Transactions

When my nephew turned 10, his parents gifted him with his very first savings account at BDO.  One of the requirements was a copy of my nephew’s PSA birth certificate.  I learned too that in some cases of loan applications, the client is required to submit a copy of his PSA birth and marriage certificate.

  1. School Enrolment

Keeping copies of your children’s PSA birth certificates in your files means one item crossed out from your to-do list during enrolment season.  Schools will always require copies of your child’s birth certificate so never ever be without these documents in your stash.

There are a multitude of other transactions where you may be required to submit a copy of your PSA birth certificates; quite a handful too for marriage and death certificates especially when transacting with a government agency.

You may easily obtain copies of your PSA certificates by ordering online at www.psahelpline.ph.  All you need to do is visit the website and submit a filled-out application form.  You may also pay conveniently with your credit card or visit any of their partner banks and payment remittance centers to secure your orders.  Your PSA certificates will be delivered to your preferred address, stress-free!

If you have questions about your PSA birth certificate, send us a message and we will do our best to find the answers for you.

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Jan 16 (1)

There is a better and more efficient means to get PSA documents (birth, marriage, CENOMAR, death) and that is by ordering online at www.psahelpline.ph.  It works just like any other online retail facility where you simply choose the item you need, place it in your virtual cart, pay, and then wait for the order to arrive.

What PSA certificates can you order online?

You may request for copies of birth, marriage, death, and Certificate of No Marriage or CENOMAR.  Simply click on the ORDER NOW! button found on the site’s homepage, and then choose the document you need.

I only need the document for my files.  Can I still request online or is this facility only for those who are in a hurry?

PSAHelpline.ph is for everyone, especially those who do not have time to travel to or visit a PSA office. The site offers several reasons for requesting a PSA certificate; however, if you are requesting for personal purposes, you may simply choose ETC. (others) and specify that you need it for your files.

What personal information are required when placing an order?

Your first, middle, and last names are required, as well as your gender, birthday, birthplace, and birth right.  You will also be asked for your parents’ names so if you are not familiar with the spellings, better do an advance research to avoid discrepancies in your submitted application.

Have you had any legal proceedings done to your birth certificate?

Legal proceedings include:

1. Correction of entry

Your birth certificate underwent “Correction of Entry” if you had a name spelling or birth date corrected.  There should be an annotation in your birth certificate to show the correct entries; you will not be issued a new copy of your birth certificate.

2. Legitimation

If a child is born out of wedlock, his birth right will show that he is illegitimate.  When his biological parents marry afterwards, they have the option to file for Legitimation Due To Subsequent Marriage.  This process changes the child’s birth right from illegitimate to legitimate; the child may now rightfully use his father’s last name.

3. Adoption

After due adoption process, annotations will be affixed to the adopted child’s birth certificate.

4. Court Hearings

Common reasons why a person’s birth certificate undergoes legal proceedings is changing of middle and last names.  The changes will appear as annotations on the birth certificate.

5. Supplemental Report

If there are fields left blank in your birth certificate, it will be issued a Supplemental Report in order to supply the missing entries.  These will reflect as annotations on the blank spaces in your document, not necessarily written on the blank fields.

You need to indicate any legal proceeding done to your birth certificate, as part of the online ordering process.

Who is requesting for the document?

The site requires for the identity of the person placing the order and his relationship with the owner of the certificate.  The requesting party must be of legal age and must be the same person to receive the document upon delivery.

Requesting parties could be the owner himself, spouse, parents, children, and grandchildren. If the requesting party is not a relative, choose None of the Above.

Checkout

Just like any other online shopping site, you will be given the chance to review the details of your ordered certificate on the Order Summary page.  Take time to review all entries you made; any error may negatively affect your order.

Provide a working mobile, landline, and email address where PSAHelpline.ph may contact you for any concerns with your application.

The fields for your delivery address are clearly labeled; the city and municipality fields have dropdown arrows where you can select the most appropriate location of your area.

In case you are not available to receive the documents you ordered, you need to assign at least three representatives and indicate their names at the bottom part of the screen.  If you fail to assign a representative, the courier will only be released to you as the Requesting Party.

Indicate how many copies you wish to order and then tick the small box beside I certify that all the information I’ve provided is true and correct.

Order Confirmation

Your order is confirmed when you are issued a Reference Number; this is the 10-digit number that will appear on your screen after you submit your order.  This will also be sent to your email as added reference.

You may now proceed with the payment of the ordered certificates.

Payment Channels

You have several options when paying for your ordered PSA certificates.

  1. Online payment using your Visa or Mastercard credit cards.
  2. Through Bancnet ATM
  3. BayadCenters
  4. EZPay at 7-11 stores

What you need upon document delivery

Make sure you are physically present at the delivery address on the days you are expecting the documents to arrive.  Prepare a valid ID to support your identity as the requesting party.

If you assigned representatives to receive the document on your behalf, leave a signed authorization letter and one valid ID.  The representative must also be able to present at least one valid ID to the courier.

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Jan 08 (3)

Errors in your civil registry documents could adversely affect your transactions with the government or private establishments.  Often, erroneous birth certificates and other documents from the PSA are referred to the LCR of the place where the birth, death, or marriage was originally recorded.  Misspelled names and other obvious clerical corrections are rectified through a Petition for Correction of Clerical Error while more complicated cases are referred to a legal counsel or, sometimes, are heard in court.

One way or the other, the error is corrected or the missing information is supplied, and the owner of the civil registry document is then able to acquire an accurate copy of his PSA certificate.

After the correction process is completed, can the owner get a copy of his PSA document by ordering online or over the phone?

Why are there cases where even after the owner has satisfied all of the LCR’s requirements to apply the needed correction, the PSA’s copy of the same document remains erroneous?

We did our research and found out that the first corrected copy of any civil registry document (birth, death, marriage) that underwent correction or legal proceeding must be claimed at the PSA head office located at the Solicarel Building along Ramon Magsaysay Avenue, in Sta. Mesa, Manila.  Your best landmark is the LRT Pureza Station.

The first corrected copies must be claimed personally by the owner or the requesting party at the head office.  This too will trigger the PSA to provide the corrected copy of your succeeding requests that can then be done online or by phone (www.psahelpline.ph).  If you will insist on getting a corrected copy by ordering online, you will always get the old, erroneous copy.

If you have advised the LCR of the correction on your civil registry document but are still getting the erroneous copy from the PSA, chances are the corrected copy was not properly endorsed to the PSA.  If this happens, go back to the LCR where you filed the correction and ask for a copy of the endorsement made for your documents.  If they are able to provide you one, bring it to the PSA head office and use it as a supporting document for your request.  If the LCR does not have an endorsement, that means that the corrections applied to your civil registry certificate have not been properly communicated to the PSA yet.  Advise the LCR to endorse the corrected copy and inquire how long you need to wait before you may request for the corrected authenticated copy from the PSA.

Make sure to bring an endorsement from the LCR where the correction was initiated (usually, the LCR of the city or municipality where you were born or married) when requesting for the first corrected copy of your document.

If you have questions about PSA documents such as birth, marriage, death, and CENOMAR, send us a message and we will find the best answers for you.

Reference: http://www.psa.gov.ph

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08 - 22

Last week, I shared how I was able to order for my entire family’s birth and marriage certificates online through PSAHelpline.ph.  Like I mentioned, we are in the process of completing our documents for our upcoming trip to Japan, and while the rest of the family prepares excitedly for the trip, some of us were tasked to do the legwork like getting everyone’s copies of their PSA birth and marriage certificates.  Good thing I knew there was a website I could run to for help.  PSAHelpline saved me a leave credit, probably a half tank of gas, and lots and lots of time.

Today I’m going to tell you about how we paid for the documents we ordered.  Our relatives were delighted to see that PSAHelpline offers various convenient payment options, especially for bulk orders like ours.

So how does one pay for PSA documents ordered online?  Here are your options:

A. Online Payments

Visa or Mastercard Credit Cards

This is the most convenient means to complete your order online.  Just click the Pay via Credit Card button on the center of the page and a pop-up window will appear.  You have 15 minutes to complete the online form before the page expires – for security purposes.

B. Over-the-counter Payments

  1. 7-11 ECPay

At 7-11, you need to key-in your payment details in a Cliqq machine – a touch screen, ATM-like machine located inside 7-11 stores where you tap in important information such as your order’s reference numbers, your contact number, and the amount you need to pay.  The machine will print out a slip, take this and hand it to the cashier who then takes your payment and issues you a receipt.

  1. Bayad Center

There are tons of Bayad Center outlets all over the country so you’re sure to find one near your home or office.  Paying for your PSA documents at a Bayad Center is like paying for your monthly utility bills: just fill out a transaction form and hand this to the cashier along with the cash.

C. Bank Payments

  1. Security Bank

I think Security Bank is one of PSAHelpline’s newest payment partners.  If you are not familiar with Security Bank locations, simply click on the Open Branch Locator button on the right side of the payment page to locate the branch nearest to your place.

  1. Metrobank

When you click on the Metrobank tab, you will be given complete instructions on how to pay for your PSA certificate order at any Metrobank branch.  You even have the option to print the payment instructions, especially if you’re sending someone else to do the errand for you.

  1. Bancnet ATMs

I used to pay for my utility bills via a Bancnet ATM so I know how convenient this payment option is.  Just go to any Bancnet ATM (preferably one that does not have a long line waiting by the sidewalk), pop in your card and key-in your PIN like you would every payday.  Instead of choosing “withdraw”, choose Payment Option, and then follow the rest of the instructions until you’ve successfully authorized the payment.  Wait for the machine to print out the thermal paper that will serve as your proof of payment.

Since we were paying for 19 documents, we decided to simply use my aunt’s credit card so we would not have to leave home (it was a lazy Sunday afternoon).  A day later, five more cousins requested for copies of their PSA birth certificates; this time, we paid at the 7-11 branch across the street from my office building.  So convenient!

Before the end of that week, we received our orders and on the same day, submitted all these to our travel agent.  Today, exactly 8 days from when we began working on our documents, we got our visas from the Japanese embassy!

If you have questions about how to order PSA certificates online, send us a message and we will do our best to find the best answers for you.

Arigato gozaimasu!

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08 - 17

Our family will be traveling to Japan later this year and we are currently in the process of completing all our documentary requirements for our visa application.  I was tasked to take care of everyone’s copies of PSA birth and marriage certificates, and make sure these are ready for submission by the end of the month.

Back in the ‘90s, this would have been a herculean task – traveling all the way to an NSO branch (PSA used to be called NSO), lining up for my turn, and waiting until they are able to release my requested documents.  With the 15 names and 4 marriages in my list that needed PSA certificates, it would have taken me the whole day to get the errand done.  I would have had to take a leave from work and spend extra on gas, parking, and food.

Good thing I can do all these online now, through PSAHelpline.ph.  The moment I got my assignment from my Tita during our Sunday family lunch, I immediately borrowed by cousin’s laptop and began submitting my orders online.  The process is really easy and simple:

  1. Log on to www.psahelpline.ph and click on the type of certificate you need (in my case, 15 birth certificates and 4 marriage certificates).  Take note that you will be placing one order for each person’s certificate (I had to be patient, but only for 30 minutes, not an entire day!).
  2. Choose the reason for ordering the certificate.  I chose the first one: Passport/Travel; I also had to select the country we were traveling to.
  3. You will be taken to a page where you’ll have to type the certificate owner’s information.  If you are applying for a different person (other than yourself), it’s best to have their complete information handy so you don’t waste your time going back and forth, asking for their personal details.  This is why I endeavored to finish the task while the entire family was literally, “under the same roof”.
  4. After submitting all your information, you will be asked if you had any procedure done on your certificate such as: Correction of Entries, Legitimation, Adoption, Court Hearings, and Supplemental.  If you’ve never had any, just click on “None”.
  5. The next page will ask who is requesting for the document.  Anybody can request for a person’s birth certificate PROVIDED he is of legal age and has a valid ID that matches the name on the application form.  The ID will be presented to the courier upon delivery.  On the same page, you will also be asked for authorized representatives who can receive the documents on your behalf in case you are not around when the courier arrives.  Again, these representatives must have valid IDs that they can present upon documents’ delivery.  As the requesting party, you must also provide the representatives with a Letter of Authorization and one of your valid IDs.
  6. On the Checkout page, you have a chance to double check all the information you provided.  Before submitting your request, you will be asked to provide your contact information, the complete delivery address, and the number of copies you need delivered.  One copy costs P350, this already includes processing and delivery.
  7. Upon hitting the “Submit” button, you will be taken to the confirmation page.  You will then receive an email from PSAHelpline with your order number and the different modes of payments.
  8. Pay and wait for your orders to be delivered.

And now, the easier part: paying for my orders!  I was delighted to see that PSAHelpline now has various payment center partners that we could choose from.  Normally, I would simply whip out my credit card and pay online but since the transactions involved a lot of other people, I opted not to offer my card (hehe!).

Visit my blog again tomorrow for details on the different payment options of PSAHelpline.  Meantime, let me go online to shop for preloved winter clothes to prepare for our Japan trip!

Arigatou gozaimasu!

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05 - 29

The Philippines is the bastion of Christianity in Asia with over 93% of our population listed as Christians; we ranked 5th worldwide according to a 2011 report of the Philippine Daily Inquirer.  Filipinos take religiosity pretty seriously.  To us, it is not just some form of affiliation or membership, it is a legacy passed on to us, an identity we must protect and preserve at all costs.

And so it IS a big deal to have to find out that your religion, as written in your birth certificate, is anything but Catholic or Christian. 

Such was the case of Arabah Joy Quinto, a Roman Catholic by birth.  After receiving an Exchange Scholar grant from her high school, she immediately applied for a passport at the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA).  She thought she had all the needed documents prepared until she was required to submit a certificate from the Office of Muslim Affairs (OMA)!  Apparently, her birth certificate shows that her parents are Muslims.  She insisted that her entire family has always been devout Roman Catholics, all of them baptized by the Catholic Church as supported by their birth certificates.  The DFA would have none of it; either she presents the required OMA or have the entries in her birth certificate corrected.

How to Correct a ‘Wrong Religion’?

There are two ways of rectifying incorrect entries in a birth certificate:

  1. Under RA No. 9048 or Clerical Error Law (as amended by RA 10172) if the matter involved correcting typographical errors in the First Name, Place of Birth, Day and month of Birth , or Gender.
  2. Through a petition in court if the correction is not covered by any of the above cases.

Correcting the entries in ‘Religion’ is not included in the errors covered by RA 9048 or 10172.

In this case, Arabah Joy needs to file a petition for Correction of Entry in the Regional Trial Court of the place where her birth was registered.  Once filed, the court shall set the case for a hearing, followed by publication of the correction in a local newspaper.

As soon as the petition is granted, the LCR of Arabah’s birth place will receive a certified copy of the court’s decision.  The LCR will be directed to apply the necessary annotations on Arabah’s birth certificate, so that the same shall now reflect her parents’ correct religion.

The first corrected copy of Arabah’s birth certificate may be requested from a PSA office while succeeding copies may be ordered online at www.psahelpline.ph

If you have questions about civil registration in the Philippines, please feel free to drop usa  line and we will do our best to find the answers for you.

Sources:

www.psa.gov.ph

www.gov.ph (The Family Code of the Philippines)

www.manilatimes.net

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04 - 11

Joy gave birth to her eldest daughter before she turned 17 years old.  Since she was too young to care for her infant, her parents decided to claim Joy’s daughter as their own.  The baby was named Mia and Joy’s parents were listed as the baby’s parents in her birth certificate.

Ten years later, Joy married Mia’s biological father.  A few months into their marriage, both decided that it is time they took over the parental responsibilities for their one and only child.  This includes changing Mia’s last name to the last name of her biological father.  A lawyer friend explained that in order to achieve this, they need to adopt Mia.

Why do you need to adopt your own child?

Mia’s parents could have just easily filed for her Legitimation after they got married however, since Mia’s birth certificate shows her grandparents as her parents, they now need to adopt Mia so she can be legally recognized as their child.

What is the process of adopting your own child?

  1. The husband and wife must file a joint petition for adoption of Mia, with respect to Section 7 of R.A. 8552.  This must be filed at the Family Court of the province or city where the adopting parties reside.
  2. The petition should include the couple’s application for the change of surname of Mia.  Since Mia is already 16 years old at the time of adoption, her consent on the adoption is also needed.  She should be made aware that should she agree to the adoption, her last name will change to that of her biological father’s and custody will be transferred to her biological parents.

How will this kind of adoption be treated by the Family Court?

There are three kinds of adoption in the Philippines:

  1. Agency Adoptions – a licensed adoption agency finds and develops adoptive families for children under their care.
  2. Family or Relative Adoptions – where biological parents make a direct placement of the child to a relative.
  3. Private or Independent Adoptions – either a direct placement to a family known by the child’s biological parents or through the use of an intermediary or a go-between.

Mia’s adoption falls under Family or Relative Adoptions since her grandparents stood as her biological parents.  Take note that this could pose an issue in court as the grandparents might be accused of falsifying the child’s birth documents (listing themselves as Mia’s parents), but that is a separate matter that can be tackled in a different article later on.

What will be the effect of this kind of adoption?

  1. Mia’s legal ties with her grandparents (standing as her parents) will be severed.  They shall now assume the roles of grandparents to Mia and that is something they can deal with as a family.
  2. She will now be treated as a legitimate child of her adopters (who are actually her biological parents).
  3. Mia and her biological parents now have reciprocal rights and obligations arising from the relationship of parent and child, including but not limited to:
    • The right of the adopter to choose the name the child is to be known;
    • The right of the adopter and adoptee to be legal and compulsory heirs of each other.

Joy and her husband’s petition for adoption was granted by the Family Court.  It took a while before Mia got used to her new living arrangement and still opts to spend her weekends with her grandparents.  Mia’s inheritance, as stated in her grandparents’ will, remained intact in spite of the changes in her name and legitimacy.

So yes, you can adopt your own child.  It all depends on the events surrounding your circumstances and, up to a certain degree, your lawyer’s skill in convincing the Family Court that your petition merits approval.

Reference: http://www.gov.ph/2002/07/31/rule-on-adoption/

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