Tag Archive: nso birth certificate delivery


10 Best Tips to Avoid Getting Offloaded from Your Flight

01-11

One of the worst things that can happen to a traveler is to get offloaded from his flight.  The truth is, there is no definite list of things that one can do in order to completely avoid being barred from boarding his plane.  It can happen to a tourist, a CEO on a business trip, and even OFWs.

This article intends to inform travelers of what they need to have on hand when checking in and boarding their planes.  These are based on actual experiences of other travelers as well as tips from Immigration Officers (who have seen one too many passengers suffer the consequences of incomplete and insufficient documents to corroborate the veracity for their trip).

  1. Be ready with sufficient travel documentation.
    • Your passport must have at least six months before expiration.
    • Your visa must be updated (if visa is required in your destination).
    • Print out your hotel booking confirmation as well as receipts to prove that you have paid your accommodation in full.
    • Be able to present a return ticket to the Philippines, where the date and time of your flight are clearly stated.  The date on your return ticket must not exceed your allowed period of stay.
    • If on a guided tour, print out a copy of your itinerary and familiarize yourself with the places you will be visiting.
    • OFWs must have their work contracts handy.
    • If traveling with a minor who is not your child, or minor is illegitimate and traveling with the father only, be able to present the necessary travel permits secured from the DSWD.
    • Your PSA Marriage Certificate and PSA Birth Certificates could come in handy to verify your age and affinity.
  2. Provide consistent, clear, and confident answers to the Bureau of Immigration officers.
    • Maintain your composure when being interviewed by an Immigration officer.  Listen carefully to his questions and provide honest answers.
    • Avoid saying too much; simply state what is being asked of you.
    • Expect questions such as: “What attractions are you planning to visit in….?” and “Who will be paying for your trip?”  Again, it pays to be familiar with your travel itinerary and be prepared to prove that you can afford the trip.
  3. Dress appropriately.
    • While travelers are free to dress as they please, it would do a first time traveler good to choose clothing that is not too revealing or too casual.
    • If traveling to a country during winter season, you are expected to bring a jacket, beanies, and gloves.  When traveling to the Middle East, you are expected to wear the prescribed clothing in the country, especially for women.
    • Showing too much skin might trigger an impression of a sex worker which is a red flag among immigration officers.
  4. Immigration Officers look out for solo travelers.
    • When traveling alone, be prepared for further questions from Immigration officers as the Immigration is particular on travelers’ safety and security, more particularly for female solo travelers.
    • Any inconsistency in the traveler’s answers and documents, however minor this may be, could be grounds for the passenger to be denied his flight.
  5. Be firm with the purpose of your trip.
    • If you have nothing to hide, you should be able to ace the interview and be allowed to board faster.
    • Immigration officers do not only listen to your answers, they also observe your body language.  Be confident and sincere when talking to them.
  6. Be able to prove that you can afford the trip.
    • Sponsored travelers must be able to provide an affidavit of support and guarantee, including letters of invitation authenticated by the Philippine consulate or embassy in your destination country.
    • Prepare a copy of your financial statements, certificate of employment, proof of salary, credit cards, and other proofs of residency.  Unemployed travelers must be prepared to show how they will be paying for the trip; if someone else is paying for the trip, prepare authenticated letters of invitation and other proofs that someone else will be shouldering your expenses while abroad.
  7. Be able to provide information about your sponsor (if you have one).
    • If someone else is paying for your trip (a friend or relative who resides in your destination country, your school or office), you should be able to support this with documents.
    • Have their complete names, addresses, and contact information handy during the interview.
  8. If traveling as a government worker, secure the necessary clearances and other permits.
    • If you are a public school teacher, barangay councilor, etc., keep your clearance or travel permit handy during your interview.  Failure to present a travel clearance could prevent you from boarding your flight.
    • Private employees must have sufficient documents to prove they are employed and have been granted leave by their employers.
  9. Review your travel history.
    • If you have been traveling for some time, review your old passports and be able to recall your most recent trips.  First time travelers must be consistent in their reason for traveling abroad (will visit parents who live abroad, giving myself a break, would like to experience snow, etc.).
    • Any history of being offloaded in the past could raise red flags.  You need to be able to state the reason why you were denied your flight in the past and how the issue was resolved.
  10. Watch your attitude.
    • Avoid getting into an argument with the Immigration Officer.
    • Answer politely at all times.
    • Do not attempt to bribe the officer in order to get past inspection.

Immigration Officers are there to help keep the safety and security of travelers.  It is our obligation to submit to their inspection and provide them with truthful statements and authentic documents, if only to prove that our trip is what we declared it to be: tour, business trip, emergency, etc.

These are tips that can help travelers better prepare for their flights and be able to enjoy a hassle-free journey to their destinations.  The decision to detain a passenger and prevent him from taking his flight is entirely the discretion of the Immigration Officers or any other circumstances that may arise even if the passenger has met all the items listed in this article.

Source: https://www.pinoy-ofw.com/news/35048-9-tips-to-avoid-offloading-at-naia.html

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01-10-2

No one can really say if there is a definite means to avoid getting questioned at your point of entry when travelling as a tourist.  We did a research on the types of documents that are often asked of Filipino travelers and some basic reminders to avoid being detained unnecessarily at Immigration points.  We hope this article helps in shedding light to your questions about getting through Immigration and points of entry.

Required Documents:

  1. Passport issued by the Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA)
    • Not expired
    • Must be valid for six (6) months from the date of departure.
  2. Visa
    • If required at the tourist’s destination
    • Must not be expired
  3. Return ticket
    • Backpackers (or tourists who will be hopping from one country to another) still need to present a return ticket as this will also be asked of them upon arrival at the different countries they will be traveling to.
    • It serves as proof that the tourist does not intend to stay in that country illegally or any longer than his visa permits him.
    • If tourist fails to show a return ticket, he may be denied entry to his destination country.

Prepare to be asked for additional documents at your point of entry.

When my mom travelled to the US as a tourist for the first time, she was questioned at the Immigration by an officer because of a letter found in her handbag.  Apparently, one of her co-workers asked her to hand-carry an envelope to a relative who lives in the same city where my mom will be staying.  One of the immigration officers asked to unseal the letter and read it.  The co-worker mentioned in her letter that my mom will be staying in the U.S. to work and tour.

My mom had a return ticket, her passport was updated, and she had a 1-year multiple entry visa to the U.S.  Still, she was held for questioning because of the letter that she agreed to deliver as a favor for a friend.

Good thing my mom was carrying the same set of documents she presented at the U.S. Embassy when she was interviewed for her tourist visa.  These and her firm statement that she does not intend to work in the U.S. at all somehow convinced the Immigration officers that she is telling the truth.  She stressed that she had been working for 25 years straight and it’s time she gave herself a break.  She said that she does not know what her co-worker’s intentions were and that the letter was sealed when it was handed to her, she accepted it based only on trust and confidence.  They let her go after two hours of more questions and several calls to my mom’s office in the Philippines.

Of course, not all travelers are as lucky as my mom and not all Immigration officers are as trusting as the one assigned to her.  So just to be on the safe side, consider the following tips when traveling as a tourist:

  1. Be familiar with your itinerary and study the places you will be visiting by heart. Some travelers get in trouble at their point of entry when they fail to mention even one attraction they intend to visit.
  2. Never ever attempt to show a fake I.D.
  3. Immigration officers also consider the following details when assessing the traveler, as a means to arrest instances of human trafficking, smuggling, and illegal recruitment:
    • Traveler’s age and health condition
    • Educational attainment
    • Financial capacity to travel
    • Travel history (if any)
    • Final destination

Again, these are reminders and tips gathered from frequent travelers and should not be taken as the standard list of requirements to avoid being held by an Immigration officer.  As travelers, it is our responsibility to prepare all necessary documents that will attest to the purpose of our trip and our sincere intention to come back to our country.  When preparing your file, keep in mind the following pointers:

Immigration officers will want to make sure of three things:

  1. That you can afford your trip;
  2. That you are traveling only for your stated purpose (tourism); and
  3. That you are coming back to the Philippines.

Based on my mom’s experience, it is best to have the following documents handy when you are lined up at the Immigration center of your destination:

  • Your old passports to show that you have traveled before and you came back to the Philippines.
  • Round-trip ticket with receipt or any other proof that the ticket is fully paid.
  • Hotel reservations, with receipt and other proof that your accommodations are fully paid.
  • Bank statements and bank certifications, if available. Again, the amount of money you have in your account does not guarantee a seamless encounter with your Immigration Officer.  You may need to justify how much you intend to spend on the trip and if you would still have enough left in your account when you come home.
  • Proof of ownership of assets.
  • Certificate of employment and approved leave of absence, photocopies of your company ID and the IDs of the people who signed your employment certificates.
  • Income Tax Return
  • Tour itinerary.
  • Marriage certificate and birth certificates of your children.

Visit us again for more articles about passports, visas, and traveling abroad.

Source: http://smalltowngirlsmidnighttrains.com/

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Manila City Hall_13

If you were the firstborn in your family but your birth certificate states that you have siblings older than you, then you need to have that entry corrected as soon as possible.  The birth order determines how many children your mother has already had and the succession of each child in the family tree.

Here are the steps to follow when filing a petition to correct your birth order on your birth certificate:

(a). 2 latest certified LCR copies and 2 latest PSA copies of birth certificate to be corrected.

(b). 2 latest certified copies of birth certificate of all brothers and sisters of the document owner.

(c). 2 latest original or certified copies of Obstetrical record, Medical Records, and Pre-natal Records from the hospital and/or OB GYNE.

(d). 2 photocopies of any of the following documents of the parents where all their children are indicated as their beneficiary and arranged according to birth order:

  • SSS
  • GSIS
  • BIR
  • Philhealth
  • Private Insurance

(e). 2 copies of valid IDs of the petitioner and the document owner and 1 copy of latest Community Tax Certificate from the place of work or residence.

(f). SPA (Special Power of Attorney).  If the petitioner is abroad or sick, he/she can be represented by lawyer or his/her nearest relative (up to third degree of consanguinity).

REMINDERS

  1. All civil documents (Birth, Marriage, and Death) to be submitted should be the latest certified local copy of Security Paper from the PSA.
  2. After the compliance of the requirements, please proceed to the information counter and get a number for the pre-interview and bring the original copies of the supporting documents (Personal Records).  Only applicants with complete requirements will be entertained for pre-interview.
  3. Steps to follow will be provided after the Final Interview.
  4. Processing of the petitions is four (4) months and will commence on the date the petition is received by the Manila City Hall.
  5. Payments are as follows:
    • Registration Fee – P1,000
    • Certified Xerox Copy – P230
    • Transmittal Fee – P210
    • Additional Payment – P30

The City Hall does not conduct interviews during Fridays.

Source: http://manila.gov.ph/services/civil-registry/

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How Often Should I Get A BC

When I had my MRP passport renewed two weeks ago, I was required to bring a copy of my PSA birth certificate.  As the one I had on file is already a bit old (with tears on the corners and some entries have faded over time), I was left with no choice but to have a new, fresh copy delivered to me instead.  I was glad to have an excuse to finally secure a new copy of my birth certificate.  I received my order from PSAHelpline.ph after two days, in time for my appointment with the DFA.

I prepared a photocopy of my birth certificate and brought the original one for verification.  When the interviewer took my documents, I was surprised to find out that they will also be keeping the original copy of my PSA birth certificate (apart from the photocopy that I prepared).  I asked the interviewer why they need to take the original copy; she said that since I am renewing an MRP passport, my renewal is considered a new application and therefore, they need to collect the original copy of my identification (the birth certificate).  I offered the old copy of my birth certificate (the frayed one) instead but she said that the DFA requires the document to be in the most recent SECPA (Security Paper).  I had no choice but to surrender the brand new copy of my birth certificate.

When I left the DFA office, I was both happy and disappointed: happy because I’ve crossed out one major item from the to-do list (get your passport renewed), disappointed because I again do not have a copy of my PSA birth certificate.

Before I placed a new order to have my PSA document delivered, I searched online if there are any differences with the old copy I got from NSO before and the new one that I submitted to the DFA.  I just wanted to understand why the DFA would not honor the NSO copy I was offering them.

I came across a press statement made by PSA, explaining that birth certificates do not have “expiration dates” (unlike Certificate of No Marriage which is only valid for six months) because the details contained in this document do not change and cannot be altered.  Even when there have been changes in the details (like correction of misspelled entries, changes in names, legitimation), these are indicated only as annotations on the original copy.

If there had been any changes on the copies (if I were to compare the old copy from NSO and new one I got recently), it would only be the color of the Security Paper and the new logo of the PSA.  According to the press statement, these changes are implemented to prevent the spread of fake PSA birth certificates.  The new features of the document do not nullify the validity of an old copy you may already have in your files.  Whichever copy you are holding, whether sealed with the logo of the former NSO or the new PSA, you can be sure that it is a valid copy of your birth certificate as long as it was acquired through an authorized PSA partner like PSAHelpline.ph.

The PSA also emphasized that they do not have control over the specific requirements of agencies and establishments that require “updated” copies of PSA birth certificates (like DFA).  There are a multitude of reasons why some offices require that we execute new copies of our documents, including birth certificates.

So that answered my question.

After this experience, I ordered two copies of my PSA birth certificate: one for my files and the other as a ready document should I be required to submit an original copy anytime soon.

I suggest you do the same so you can always be sure that you have a copy of your birth certificate on file.

The PSAHelpline.ph delivers your PSA documents in two to three days.  You may visit their website or call their hotline at 02-737-1111.

Source: https://psa.gov.ph/content/press-statement-issue-civil-registry-documents-such-birth-death-and-marriage-certificates

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SSS Death Benefits

When an SSS member passes away, his beneficiaries are entitled to claim death benefits from the Social Security System (SSS).  Here is how you can file and claim for SSS death benefits:

There are two types of death benefits paid to beneficiaries of a member:

  1. Pension
  2. Lump Sum Amount

In order for the beneficiaries to claim any of the two, the deceased member must have satisfied the following:

  1. For Pension – must have paid at least 36 monthly contributions before the semester of death.
  2. For Lump Sum Amount – this is granted to the primary beneficiaries of a deceased member who had paid less than 36 months.  In case there are no primary beneficiaries, the benefits may be claimed by secondary beneficiaries.

Who are considered Primary and Secondary beneficiaries?

  1. Primary Beneficiaries
    • Legitimate dependent spouse until he or she remarries.
    • The dependent legitimate, legitimated, or legally adopted child / children.
    • Illegitimate children who are not yet 21 years old.
    • If member is single and without children, the benefits will go to the dependent parents who are considered the secondary beneficiaries.
    • In the absence of both primary and secondary beneficiaries, any other person designated by the member in his / her SSS records shall be considered as the beneficiary.
  2. Secondary Beneficiaries
    • Dependent parents of the deceased SSS member.
    • Designated secondary beneficiaries — must be dependent on the deceased member at the time of the member’s death.

What are the application requirements?

  1. Death Claim Application (SSSForm_Death_Claim)
  2. Affidavit of Death Benefit, if claimant is secondary beneficiary (SSSForm_Affidavit_Death_Claim_Benefits).
  3. Filer’s Affidavit (SSSForms_Sinumpaang_Salaysay)
  4. Other affidavit, whichever is applicable:
    • Joint Affidavit of Two Disinterested Persons, if claimant is legal heir or designated beneficiary (SSS Form CLD – 1.3)
    • Application for Appointment as Representative Payee, if claimant is guardian (SSS Form CLD – 15)
  5. Report of Death (SSS Form BPN – 105), if death is work-related.
  6. Claimant’s photo, signature form, and valid IDs.
  7. If claimant is spouse of the deceased, marriage certificate, and birth certificates of minor children (duly certified by NSO/PSA).
  8. If single, the deceased member’s birth certificate and marriage certificate of parents (duly certified by LCR/NSO).
  9. Certified true copy of deceased member’s death certificate.
    • Certified / issued by LCR / NSO, if member died in the Philippines.
    • Issued by vital statistics / census office or equivalent agency and certified by the Philippine Embassy / Consultant, if member died abroad.
  10. For pension – single savings account passbook or ATM card with validated deposit slip of Cash Card Enrollment Form (photocopy and presentation of original for validation).

Please note that the SSS may require additional documents necessary during the processing of the claim.

Claimants may file for death benefits at any SSS branch or representative office.

Source: https://www.sss.gov.ph/sss/appmanager/pages.jsp?page=deathapplication

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Legitimation

When a child is born out of wedlock, his or her birthright is marked as illegitimate.  The child carries the last name of his mother unless he is acknowledged by his father on paper or his parents decide to get married later on.  Should it be the latter, the child is able to carry the father’s last name by virtue of a legitimation process.  This means that the illegitimate child’s birthright shall be changed to legitimate without the need of a court order.

Such is the story of Dess, an illegitimate child whose parents got married before she turned 10 years old.  Her parents worked on her legitimation right after they got married so that Dess can rightfully carry her father’s last name.  However, when they requested for a copy of her PSA birth certificate to complete her college graduation document requirements, they found out that no changes on her last name, nor any annotations, were applied on her birth certificate. She was still marked as illegitimate and still bears her mother’s maiden last name as her last name.

What could have happened?

Dess and her parents already had a copy of her Certificate of Legitimacy.  This was the document they received from the LCR when they filed for her legitimation.  On their copy, there is an annotation that read:

Legitimated by subsequent marriage of parents (mother’s maiden name) and (father’s name) on (date of marriage) at (place of marriage) under Reg. No. XXXX-XXX.  Hence, the child should now use the name (name of child using father’s surname).

Dess has been using the name Odessa Castro Talajib – Talajib being her father’s last name – since she was 11 years old.

Dess’ parents should have submitted to the PSA the Certificate of Legitimacy that they got from the LCR when they filed for her legitimation.  This would have triggered PSA’s certification and updating of Dess’ records in PSA’s files.  In other cases, the LCR where the legitimation was applied for, may also submit the Certificate of Legitimacy on the client’s behalf.  You just need to make constant follow-ups to make sure that the documents are duly processed.

For our information, here is the list of requirements when filing the Certificate of Legitimacy at the PSA:

Legitimation by Subsequent Marriage

  1. Secure the following documents from the city / municipal Civil Registrar’s Office (C/MCR) where the birth of the child was recorded:
    • Affidavit of Paternity / Acknowledgement (Certified Photocopy)
    • Joint Affidavit of Legitimation
    • Certificate of Registration of Legal Instrument (Affidavit of Legitimation)
    • Certified True Copy of Birth Certificate with remarks/annotation based on the legitimation by subsequent marriage.
  2. Verify the original birth certificate at the National Statistics Office (NSO).  If negative result, secure it from the C/MCR Office where the child was originally registered (certified photocopy).
  3. Verify the marriage contract of parents at NSO.  If negative result, secure it from the C/MCR Office where the marriage was solemnized (certified true copy).

Source: https://psa.gov.ph/content/application-requirements

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No BC_Illegitimate_No Mother

Alona is an illegitimate child, born to parents who were barely out of their teens.  Her mother gave her up for adoption when she was just a few days old, in exchange for a plane ticket from Manila to Iloilo.  She was never heard of from again.  Upon learning that his daughter was given to a complete stranger, Dexter (Alona’s father) requested for assistance from the barangay so he can take his daughter back.  After negotiating with the family who paid for Alona’s adoption, Dexter was finally able to take his daughter home and promised to do everything he can to raise her on his own.

Father and daughter sailed from Manila to Dumaguete and there, Alona grew up in her grandparents’ farm house while Dexter continued his studies in Cebu.

Alona is all grown up now and would like to apply for a passport so she can work abroad.  Her only problem is that she does not have a birth certificate and is clueless on how to get one.  Her father, Dexter, told her that she was born in Manila but since they have both migrated to Dumaguete, he is not sure if Alona’s birth can be registered in Dumaguete.

She has three problems:

  1. Alona does not have a birth certificate.
  2. She has not heard from her mother ever since she was born and in spite of several attempts to get in touch with her mother, all her efforts returned futile.
  3. She no longer lives in the city where she was born.

According to the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) website (www.psa.gov.ph) , cases such as this can be worked out by filing for an Out-of-town (because she no longer lives in the city where she was born), Delayed Reporting of Birth.

The requirements for delayed registration of birth are in this previous article we posted last month.  Once Alona has these documents on hand, she can present these to the civil registrar of the LCRO of Dumaguete who shall then forward the documents to the Manila City Hall for proper registration.

Since Alona is an illegitimate child and born on September 21, 1990, there is the issue on her last name and her parents’ acknowledgment of her birth.  Only her father is present, and essentially, willing to acknowledge her as his child.

According to the PSA, if the child’s birth certificate is not yet registered and the father acknowledges his paternity over the child, the child can use the father’s last name following the procedures for R.A. 9255.

Since Dexter wanted for Alona to use his last name on her birth certificate, they need to include these documents when filing for Alona’s registration of birth:

  1. Affidavit to Use Surname of Father (AUSF)
  2. Consent of the child, if 18 years old and over at the time of the filing of the document (this applies to Alona).
  3. Any two of the following documents showing clearly the paternity between the father and the child:
    • Employment records
    • SSS / GSIS records
    • Insurance
    • Certificate of membership in any organization
    • Statement of Assets and Liabilities
    • Income Tax Return (ITR)

Sources:

https://psa.gov.ph/civilregistration/technical-notes-vital-statistics

http://www.psa.gov.ph/civilregistration/problems-and-solutions/birth-certificate-not-yet-registered-and-father

http://www.census.gov.ph/civilregistration/republic-act-9255

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Middle Name is Middle Initial

A comedy of errors.  That’s how Geraldine would describe the root cause of the problem she had with her birth certificate.  And she did not realize this until after she graduated from college and is now working on her papers to take the board exams for nurses.

Her full name is Geraldine Tee Garduque.  The name written on her PSA birth certificate is Geraldine T. Garduque.

How do you repair this mistake?

According to the website of the Philippine Statistics Authority (www.psa.gov.ph), this error can be corrected by filing a petition for correction of clerical error under the provisions of R.A. 9048.  This is the act that authorizes the Local Civil Registry office to apply corrections on typographical errors on civil registry documents without the need for a court order.

Who shall file:

  • Owner of the record
  • Owner’s spouse
  • Children
  • Parents and Siblings
  • Grandparents
  • Guardian
  • Other person duly authorized by law or by the owner of the document sought to be corrected;
  • If owner of the record is a minor or physically or mentally incapacitated, petition may be filed by his spouse, or any of his children, parents, siblings, grandparents, guardians, or persons duly authorized by law.

Where to file:

  • Petitioner must file at the LCR office where the birth was registered.  If he has transferred to a different location, the petition may also be filed at the LCR of his current city or municipality.
  • If owner of certificate was born abroad, the petition must be filed with the Philippine Consulate where the birth was reported.

Supporting Documents:

  • Certified machine copy of the birth record containing the entry to be corrected.
  • Not less than two (2) private or public documents upon which the correction shall be based like baptismal certificate, voter’s affidavit, employment record, GSIS/SSS records, medical records, business records, driver’s license, insurance, land titles, certificate of land transfer, bank passbook, NBI / Police Clearance, civil registry records of ascendants.
  • Notice / Certificate of Posting

Source: http://www.psa.gov.ph/civilregistration/problems-and-solutions/middle-initial-entered-birth-certificate-instead-full

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Middle Name Being Used Is Different

Pinoy parents are very fond of giving their children long names.  One name is simply not enough and as a result, kids end up with three, four, or even five “first names”.

Such is the case of Maria Angeline Antonia Licudine De Castro.  Her  parents coined the first two names from their names, the father is Mario (hence, Maria) and the mother is Angela (hence, Angeline).  The “Antonia” was added by her grandmother at the last minute, right before the Certificate of Live Birth was finalized and submitted to the office of the Local Civil Registrar (LCR).

When Mario and Angela requested for a copy of May’s (their child’s nickname) PSA birth certificate, two years after she was born, they were surprised to find out that her middle name is written as “Antonia” instead of “Licudine” which is Angela’s maiden last name.  They reviewed the document further and confirmed that both their names as parents are correct.  How come they placed “Antonia” as the child’s middle name?

They were advised by the school administration to inquire at the LCR where their child’s birth was registered and find out how they can have the error corrected.

Upon consulting with the LCR officer, they learned that such errors can be rectified under R.A. 9048 or the act that authorizes the city or municipal civil registrar to correct a clerical or typographical error on a birth certificate entry without the need of a judicial order.  Mario and Angela breathed a sigh of relief upon learning this; they submitted the necessary documents and are now waiting for the LCR’s advise as to when they can request for the first corrected copy of their child’s birth certificate.

Here’s what you need to do in case you have the same birth certificate problem as Mario and Angela:

Who Shall File:

  • Owner of the record
  • Owner’s spouse
  • Children
  • Parents
  • Siblings
  • Grandparents
  • Guardian
  • Other person duly authorized by law or by the owner of the document.

Where to File:

  • If born in the Philippines
    • Civil registry office where the birth certificate is registered.
    • In case the owner of the birth certificate no longer lives in the area where he was born, he may file the petition with the civil registry office where is currently residing.
  • If born abroad
    • Philippine Consulate office where the birth is reported.

Supporting Documents

  • Certified machine copy of the birth record containing the entry to be corrected.
  • Not less than two (2) private or public documents upon which the correction shall be based like baptismal certificate, voter’s affidavit, employment records, GSIS/SSS records, medical records, business records, driver’s license, insurance, land titles, certificate of land transfer, bank passbook, NBI/Police clearance, civil registry records of ascendants.
  • Notice / Certificate of Posting
  • Filing Fee: Php 1,000.  If filed abroad, filing fee is USD 50.00 or equivalent value in local currency.
  • Other documents that may be required by the concerned civil registrar.

Source: https://psa.gov.ph/civilregistration/problems-and-solutions/different-middle-name-entered-birth-certificate

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No Signature of Couple

A marriage certificate cannot be considered valid if any of the parties involved fail to sign the document.  In all of the civil wedding rites I have witnessed, the solemnizing officer requests the marrying couple and their sponsors to go over the marriage certificate carefully and take all the time they need to make sure that all entries in the document are clearly written and all fields and copies requiring their signatures are properly signed.

All these are vital in order to seal the veracity of the marriage certificate.

What must you do in case your copy of the PSA marriage certificate lacks the necessary signatures required to make the document authentic?

Mona and Luis got married rather too early and under pressing circumstances.  It was the usual story of a young love gone awry because of unplanned pregnancy and the stress of admitting their situation to their parents.  Sadly though, after their civil wedding, Mona had a miscarriage and lost the baby in her womb.

Their relationship went downhill from there until Mona had no other choice but to move back in with her parents.  She and Luis had not had communication for three years straight; they would only hear about each other from common friends.  When Mona began working in a contact center, she met JC and fell in love.  Three years later, JC proposed to marry her and she eagerly said “Yes!”

At the onset of her relationship with JC, Mona disclosed everything about her past, especially her marriage to Luis.  JC offered to help finance her annulment so she would be legally free to marry again.  They sought the services of a lawyer who gave them the list of documents they need to submit in order to officially begin the annulment process.

Mona ordered copies of her birth and marriage certificates as these were primary on her list.  When she received the documents, she was oddly surprised to find that Luis did not sign the marriage certificate.  She reviewed the document over and over and could not find any other entry there that could pass for Luis’ signature.  On the “contracting party” fields, her and Luis’ names were typewritten and only her name had a signature above it.

This made her think.  If their marriage certificate lacked her husband’s signature, does it make the document invalid and therefore, their marriage, null and void?

When they showed the marriage certificate to their lawyer, they were advised to first seek the counsel of the Local Civil Registry office where their marriage was registered.  If the LCR can confirm that their copy of Mona and Luis’ marriage certificate is essentially “invalid” because the groom failed to sign the document, then they can look forward to a smooth and fast conclusion of the annulment.  For the first time in her life, Mona hoped that Luis’ attempt to fool her was successful.

Upon inquiring at the LCR however, Mona was informed that the copy they have on file has the complete set of signatures, both hers and Luis’, including those of the witnesses and the solemnizing officer’s.  They showed her the copy and offered to endorse a certified photocopy to PSA for proper certification.

Turns out that Mona and Luis were legally married and in order for her to marry again, she would have to work on the annulment process and hope that she be granted the legal right to re-marry soon.

Source: https://psa.gov.ph/civilregistration/problems-and-solutions/no-signatures-contracting-parties-replacement-nso-copy

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