Tag Archive: nso birth certificate delivery


 

Apr 17

Are you enrolling your child as a Senior High School student or college freshman in a few months?  Here are the basic requirements you need to prepare in order to achieve a hassle-free school admission.

Senior High School (K-12)

  1. Certificate of Junior High School Completion.
  2. Certificate of Good Moral Character (from the previous school, if you are transferring to another school).
  3. Form 138 (Report Card)
  4. Form 137 (Secondary Student’s Permanent Record).
  5. National Career Assessment Examination (NCAE) Certificate
  6. PSA Birth Certificate (formerly NSO birth certificate)
  7. ID pictures (white background)
  8. Medical Exams (schools may have a designated partner clinic for this).

College Freshman

  1. Certificate of Good Moral Character
  2. Form 138 (Report Card)
  3. Form 137 (Secondary Student’s Permanent Record)
  4. National Career Assessment Examination (NCAE) Certificate
  5. PSA Birth Certificate (formerly NSO birth certificate)
  6. PSA Marriage Certificate (if married)
  7. Medical Exams (schools may have a designated partner clinic for this).

College Transferees

  1. Honorable Dismissal or Transfer Credential
  2. Transcript of Records (CIIT provides crediting of subjects from your previous colleges especially for minor subjects).
  3. Course Description
  4. Copy of College Diploma (for second coursers only).
  5. PSA Birth Certificate (formerly NSO birth certificate).
  6. PSA Marriage Certificate (if married)
  7. Medical Exam (schools may have a designated partner clinic for this).

Prepare photocopies of your documents, as some schools require that you submit the original copies.  You may conveniently order for several copies of your PSA documents (birth, marriage) at www.psahelpline.ph and have these delivered to your home.

 

Reference:

www.deped.gov.ph

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Apr 13 (1)

If birth certificates do not expire, why do we need to secure new copies from the Philippine Statistics Authority (formerly National Statistics Office)?

In a recent radio interview, the assistant national statistician of the PSA mentioned the different reasons why Filipinos need to secure new copies of their civil registry records such as birth and marriage certificates.  Below is the list of reasons why you should request for brand new copies of your most important personal documents:

  1. PSA changes the color of the Security Paper they use when printing the birth certificates. All embassies and other government agencies are properly informed of this and therefore, are aware when a person’s birth certificate is an old copy or a new one.
  2. When the maximum number of printouts for a particular color scheme of the Security Paper is reached, the PSA changes the paper used for the birth certificates. This helps discourage the circulation of unauthorized and fake copies of birth, marriage, death, and Certificate of No Marriage (CENOMAR).
  3. It is the government agencies’ and other offices’ discretion to require brand new copies of PSA documents as a prerequisite for certain transactions. This means that some agencies may still accept certificates printed in old Security Papers, while others may reject these and require the applicants to submit new ones.  This is especially true when the applicant’s copy is dilapidated or when the entries in the document are hardly readable.
  4. You may secure copies of your PSA certificates at any of the six PSA outlets in Metro Manila or by calling the PSAHelpline hotline at 02-737-1111 and have your documents delivered to you instead.

For more information about PSA birth certificate delivery, visit www.psahelpline.ph.

References:

http://news.abs-cbn.com

www.psa.gov.ph

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Feb 22

PhilHealth membership is not limited to regularly-employed Filipinos.  In fact, unemployed and self-employed individuals are strongly encouraged to faithfully make monthly contributions to secure their PhilHealth claims in times of emergencies.  Problem is, when a member fails to make a contribution for a month or two, they immediately think that they are no longer qualified to claim from PhilHealth.  Others opt to completely neglect paying their contributions because they think that missing one payment already means that all their other payments have been written off already.

To help everyone understand how the PhilHealth appropriates a member’s contribution, we are sharing the following checklists lifted from PhilHealth’s Facebook page.  These will help you determine if you are eligible for PhilHealth benefits in spite of irregular payments of your monthly contributions.

These checklists follow the 3/6 rule where the required number of monthly premium contributions is at least three (3) months within the immediate six (6) months (or 3/6!) prior to the first day of availment or hospital confinement.  The six-month period is inclusive of the confinement month.

a. If the admission date is: FEBRUARY 21, 2018 and the member’s contributions are as follows:

1

THE MEMBER IS ELIGIBLE.

b. If the admission date is: FEBRUARY 21, 2018 and the member’s contributions are as follows:

2

THE MEMBER IS NOT ELIGIBLE because the member only paid contributions for 2 months.

c. If the admission date is: FEBRUARY 21, 2018 and the member’s contributions are as follows:

3

THE MEMBER IS ELIGIBLE because he completed 3 months’ contributions within the immediate 6 months prior to confinement.

d. If the admission date is: FEBRUARY 21, 2018 and the member’s contributions are as follows:

4

THE MEMBER IS ELIGIBLE because he completed 3 months’ contributions within the immediate 6 months prior to confinement.

e. If the admission date is: FEBRUARY 21, 2018 and the member’s contributions are as follows:

5

THE MEMBER IS ELIGIBLE because he completed 3 months’ contributions within the immediate 6 months prior to confinement, EVEN IF THESE ARE NOT CONSECUTIVE MONTHS.

f. If the admission date is: FEBRUARY 21, 2018 and the member’s contributions are as follows:

5

THE MEMBER IS ELIGIBLE because he completed 3 months’ contributions within the immediate 6 months prior to confinement, EVEN IF THESE ARE NOT CONSECUTIVE MONTHS.

Nonetheless, PhilHealth still maintains that all members must remit their contributions faithfully and consistently.  This is the only way you can be assured of your eligibility to claim from PhilHealth.

Source: https://www.facebook.com/PhilHealth/

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Jan 26

I was never a fan of keeping files as these have the tendency to pile up on my desk over time.  I have developed the habit of just getting what I need when I need it.  However, I realized this may not be a good practice when it comes to personal documents such as my birth certificate, transcript of records from college, and medical files.  Late last year, I was tasked to accompany my mom (who is a senior citizen) to the DFA to renew her passport.  Since she is a senior citizen, she was granted access to the Priority Lane and as her companion, I can have mine renewed on the same day as well.  It would have been the perfect opportunity to accomplish that task when we visited the DFA except that I did not have a copy of my PSA birth certificate.  I watched my mom breeze through the passport renewal process while I sat there, sadly thinking of the long and arduous process of snagging an appointment online and waiting for months for my turn at the DFA – all because I did not have a ready copy of my PSA birth certificate.

I am writing this piece to help shed some light on the importance of keeping your files updated with a ready copy of your personal documents from the PSA.  This is not limited to just birth certificates; married couples need to have a copy of their marriage certificate and every death in the family must be properly registered and documented too.  Keep copies of the PSA death certificates of your elders and other family members; you never know when you might need this for claims and possible inheritances.

Reasons why you need to always have a copy of your PSA birth certificate:

  1. Obtaining a Driver’s License

A driver’s license is one of the top government-issued IDs honored in almost all, if not all, public and private transactions (schools, banks, etc.).  You have to have your own license by the time you turn 21 years old (at least! Although I got mine when I turned 19).  Your PSA birth certificate is a basic requirement when applying for a driver’s license at the LTO.

  1. Applying for your Social Security System (SSS) number and ID

Your SSS number is a basic requirement when applying for a job (fresh graduates).  Again, your PSA birth certificate is a basic requirement, whether you are applying for your SSS number online or are appearing personally at an SSS office.

  1. Getting Married

You cannot get married in the Philippines without a proper Marriage License issued by the city or municipal hall.  In order to be issued a Marriage License, you need to prove that you are of legal, marrying age or if you still need to present your parents’ consent.  They will require a copy of your PSA birth certificate before they process your request for a Marriage License.

  1. Traveling Abroad

Whether you are a first-time applicant or are simply renewing your old passport, you need to present a copy of your PSA birth certificate.  The DFA will keep the original copy (or the copy you obtained from PSA) so make sure to photocopy your birth certificate before heading for your passport interview.  Or better yet, order more than one copy of your birth certificate so you can keep the rest for your files.  Yes, some government agencies require the original, not the reproduced copy.

  1. Bank Transactions

When my nephew turned 10, his parents gifted him with his very first savings account at BDO.  One of the requirements was a copy of my nephew’s PSA birth certificate.  I learned too that in some cases of loan applications, the client is required to submit a copy of his PSA birth and marriage certificate.

  1. School Enrolment

Keeping copies of your children’s PSA birth certificates in your files means one item crossed out from your to-do list during enrolment season.  Schools will always require copies of your child’s birth certificate so never ever be without these documents in your stash.

There are a multitude of other transactions where you may be required to submit a copy of your PSA birth certificates; quite a handful too for marriage and death certificates especially when transacting with a government agency.

You may easily obtain copies of your PSA certificates by ordering online at www.psahelpline.ph.  All you need to do is visit the website and submit a filled-out application form.  You may also pay conveniently with your credit card or visit any of their partner banks and payment remittance centers to secure your orders.  Your PSA certificates will be delivered to your preferred address, stress-free!

If you have questions about your PSA birth certificate, send us a message and we will do our best to find the answers for you.

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Jan 23 - 1 (1)

On January 1, 2018, PhilHealth’s premium rates have been adjusted to 2.75% of the member’s monthly basic salary (MBS).

To help everyone appreciate how the adjustment impacts an employee’s contribution (and effectively, the salary deduction he should anticipate as a result of the rate increase), we are sharing the following table lifted from PhilHealth’s official Facebook page.

Monthly Basic Salary

(MBS)

Monthly Premium

(@2.75% of MBS)

Personal Share Employer Share
P8,999.99 P275.00

Based on P10,000 floor

P137.50 P137.50
P11,250.00 P309.375

Rounded off to the nearest hundredths =

P309.38

P154.69 P154.69
P25,410.00 P698.775

Round off to the nearest hundredths =

P698.78

P349.39 P349.39
P41,999.99 P1,100

Based on P40,000.00 ceiling

P550.00 P550.00

According to PhilHealth, if an excess of a centavo will occur when equally sharing the computed monthly premium, the excess centavo shall be deducted from the Employee’s share to get the monthly premium due.

Monthly Basic Salary (MBS) Monthly Premium (@2.75% of MBS) Premium per Share Personal Share Employer Share
P22,500.00 P618.75

(P618.76)

P309.375

Round off to the nearest hundredths =

P309.38

(P309.38)

P309.37*

P309.38

*Since P309.38 per share will result to a total of P618.76, the centavo is deducted from the Personal Share.

In accordance with RA 10361, the premium contributions of a Kasambahay shall be shouldered solely by the household employer.  However, if the Kasambahay  is receiving a monthly salary of P5,000 or above, the Kasambahay shall pay his or her proportionate share.  The same rule is followed for the Kasambahay’s SSS contribution.

If you have further questions about the premium rate adjustments of PhilHealth, feel free to call their 24/7 hotline at (02) 441-7442.

Source:

https://www.facebook.com/PhilHealth/

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Jan 18

Back in the day, passport applicants are required to bring copies of their 2×2 ID photos when applying for their Philippine passports.  Restrictions are limited to the type of shirt you should be wearing on the photo (with collar) and the background should be white.  Applicants are also advised to avoid wearing accessories such as eyeglasses and earrings that may cause huge differences from their actual physical appearance.

Now, all you need to do is personally appear at your preferred DFA branch on the date of your appointment.  All your biometrics: photos, fingerprints, and signatures will be taken onsite and in the presence of a DFA representative.

Here are some tips on how to prepare for your passport photo-op and other biometric requirements:

  1. Your Pose.

The interviews and document evaluation will be done while you sit across a DFA representative in a booth.  Right beside you is a DLSR camera, aimed at your face.  When advised by the representative, look directly at the camera lens.  Your “selfie angle” may not meet the DFA’s photo requirements so avoid tilting your head in any direction.  Your mouth and the bridge of your nose should form an imaginary vertical line at the center of the image.

  1. Your Expression.

Avoid smiling too much or frowning too much; do not raise your eyebrows nor squint your eyes or any other facial expression that may alter your natural look.  Your expression should be neutral, both eyes open and mouth closed.  Your forehead must be clearly seen without hair covering any part of your eyes or cheeks.

  1. Smiling.

You may smile but careful you do not show your teeth and gums!

  1. Eyeglasses and Contact Lenses

Remove your eyeglasses before you pose for your passport photo.  If you use contact lenses for medical reasons, you may leave it on provided these are not colored contacts.  Otherwise, you may be advised by the representative to remove the contacts before they take your photo.

  1. Ears.

Both ears should be visible.  Tuck your hair behind your ears if you have to.

  1. Earrings and Hair Accessories

Remove hair accessories before posing for your photo.  If you keep an unconventional hairstyle (afro, frizzy, out-of-bed-look), please make sure it is neatly kept for your passport appointment.

Any type of earring is not allowed.

  1. Infants and small children.

Babies and toddlers who are still unable to support themselves should be assisted by a parent or guardian.  They can hold the child but their hands and arms should not be visible in the photo.  If you need a high chair for your baby, you may request from a DFA staff while waiting for your turn to give them time to look for one.

The DFA enforces strict rules on dress codes, whether you are applying for a passport or claiming one.  When I visited the DFA in SM Manila two years ago, there was a young lady who wanted to claim her passport but was denied entry because she was wearing a mini-skirt.  She had to find a scarf that was large enough to cover her legs until below the knee before the guards allowed her to come in.

If you have questions about passport application, send us a message and we will do our best to find the best answers for you.

Reference: www.dfa.gov.ph

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Jan 16 (1)

There is a better and more efficient means to get PSA documents (birth, marriage, CENOMAR, death) and that is by ordering online at www.psahelpline.ph.  It works just like any other online retail facility where you simply choose the item you need, place it in your virtual cart, pay, and then wait for the order to arrive.

What PSA certificates can you order online?

You may request for copies of birth, marriage, death, and Certificate of No Marriage or CENOMAR.  Simply click on the ORDER NOW! button found on the site’s homepage, and then choose the document you need.

I only need the document for my files.  Can I still request online or is this facility only for those who are in a hurry?

PSAHelpline.ph is for everyone, especially those who do not have time to travel to or visit a PSA office. The site offers several reasons for requesting a PSA certificate; however, if you are requesting for personal purposes, you may simply choose ETC. (others) and specify that you need it for your files.

What personal information are required when placing an order?

Your first, middle, and last names are required, as well as your gender, birthday, birthplace, and birth right.  You will also be asked for your parents’ names so if you are not familiar with the spellings, better do an advance research to avoid discrepancies in your submitted application.

Have you had any legal proceedings done to your birth certificate?

Legal proceedings include:

1. Correction of entry

Your birth certificate underwent “Correction of Entry” if you had a name spelling or birth date corrected.  There should be an annotation in your birth certificate to show the correct entries; you will not be issued a new copy of your birth certificate.

2. Legitimation

If a child is born out of wedlock, his birth right will show that he is illegitimate.  When his biological parents marry afterwards, they have the option to file for Legitimation Due To Subsequent Marriage.  This process changes the child’s birth right from illegitimate to legitimate; the child may now rightfully use his father’s last name.

3. Adoption

After due adoption process, annotations will be affixed to the adopted child’s birth certificate.

4. Court Hearings

Common reasons why a person’s birth certificate undergoes legal proceedings is changing of middle and last names.  The changes will appear as annotations on the birth certificate.

5. Supplemental Report

If there are fields left blank in your birth certificate, it will be issued a Supplemental Report in order to supply the missing entries.  These will reflect as annotations on the blank spaces in your document, not necessarily written on the blank fields.

You need to indicate any legal proceeding done to your birth certificate, as part of the online ordering process.

Who is requesting for the document?

The site requires for the identity of the person placing the order and his relationship with the owner of the certificate.  The requesting party must be of legal age and must be the same person to receive the document upon delivery.

Requesting parties could be the owner himself, spouse, parents, children, and grandchildren. If the requesting party is not a relative, choose None of the Above.

Checkout

Just like any other online shopping site, you will be given the chance to review the details of your ordered certificate on the Order Summary page.  Take time to review all entries you made; any error may negatively affect your order.

Provide a working mobile, landline, and email address where PSAHelpline.ph may contact you for any concerns with your application.

The fields for your delivery address are clearly labeled; the city and municipality fields have dropdown arrows where you can select the most appropriate location of your area.

In case you are not available to receive the documents you ordered, you need to assign at least three representatives and indicate their names at the bottom part of the screen.  If you fail to assign a representative, the courier will only be released to you as the Requesting Party.

Indicate how many copies you wish to order and then tick the small box beside I certify that all the information I’ve provided is true and correct.

Order Confirmation

Your order is confirmed when you are issued a Reference Number; this is the 10-digit number that will appear on your screen after you submit your order.  This will also be sent to your email as added reference.

You may now proceed with the payment of the ordered certificates.

Payment Channels

You have several options when paying for your ordered PSA certificates.

  1. Online payment using your Visa or Mastercard credit cards.
  2. Through Bancnet ATM
  3. BayadCenters
  4. EZPay at 7-11 stores

What you need upon document delivery

Make sure you are physically present at the delivery address on the days you are expecting the documents to arrive.  Prepare a valid ID to support your identity as the requesting party.

If you assigned representatives to receive the document on your behalf, leave a signed authorization letter and one valid ID.  The representative must also be able to present at least one valid ID to the courier.

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03 - 29

Ang PSA Birth Certificate (dating NSO Birth Certificate) ay madalas na kasama sa listahan ng mga primary documentary requirements ng iba’t-ibang establishments tulad ng mga bangko, eskwelahan, at mga government agencies.  Ang birth certificate ay naka-print sa Security Paper (SECPA) at may selyo ng PSA sa upper left-hand corner ng dokumento.  Maaari itong makuha mula sa mga opisina ng PSA o ipa-deliver sa inyong bahay sa pamamagitan ng pag-order online o pagtawag sa hotline (02 – 737 – 1111).

Habang may mga taong nakakatanggap ng kopya ng kanilang PSA birth certificate, meron din naman na ang natatanggap na kopya ay iyong tinatawag na Negative Certification.  Ang ibig sabihin nito ay walang kopya ang PSA ng kanilang birth certificate.

Bakit Negative Certification ang natanggap ko mula sa PSA?

Ang dalawang dahilan kung bakit may mga nakakatanggap ng Negative Certification mula sa PSA ay:

  • Hindi pa naka rehistro ang kapanganakan ng taong nag request ng birth certificate.
  • Hindi pa nai-submit ng Local Civil Registry ang kopya ng birth certificate sa PSA.

Ano ang dapat kong gawin kapag nakatanggap ako ng Negative Certification?

Nakababahalang matuklasan na walang kopya ang PSA ng iyong birth certificate ngunit may paraan para maayos ito.

May kopya ang LCR ngunit walang kopya ang PSA.

Unahin mong alamin mula sa Local Civil Registry ng lugar kung saan ka ipinanganak kung meron silang record ng iyong kapanganakan.  Kadalasan ay merong naka file ngunit hindi nai-forward sa PSA para ma-certify.  Kung makukumpirma ng LCR na meron ka ngang birth certificate sa files nila, ito ang dapat mong gawin:

  1. Manghingi ng form sa LCR para makapag request ng Endorsement of Records.
  2. Bayaran ang courier fees sa Cashier at ipakita sa LCR ang iyong resibo.  Itago ang resibo bilang katibayan ng iyong filed transaction at binayarang courier fee.
  3. Pagkalipas ng isang linggo, maaari nang mag follow-up sa PSA Sta. Mesa office.  Dalhin ang resibo ng binayarang courier fee sa LCR para mas mabilis na ma-trace ang iyong transaction.

Ang unang kopya ng iyong pina-endorse na dokumento ay sa PSA Sta. Mesa makukuha.  Ang mga susunod na request ng kopya ng iyong PSA birth certificate ay maaari nang ma-order online o sa pagtawag sa PSAHelpline hotline na 02 – 737 -1111.

Walang naka-file na rehistro ng kapanganakan sa LCR.

Kung walang record ng iyong birth certificate na mahahanap ang LCR, ibig sabihin ay hindi narehistro ang iyong kapanganakan.  Wala ka talagang birth certificate at kailangan mong mag file ng Late Registration of Birth.

Maaari itong i-file sa munisipyo ng bayan kung saan ka ipinanganak.  Sakaling sa ibang bayan ka na nakatira, maaari ka na ring mag file sa LCR kung saan ka kasalukuyang naninirahan (Out-of-town Late Registration).

Ano ang requirements para makapag file ng Late Registration of Birth?

  1. Kung less than 18 years old:
    • Apat (4) na kopya ng Certificate of Live Birth na may kumpletong detalye at pirmado ng mga concerned parties.
    • Punuan din ng hinihinging detalye ang Affidavit of Delayed Registration sa likod ng Certificate of Live Birth.  Ang mga impormasyon dito ay magmumula sa ama, ina, o guardian ng may ari ng birth certificate, tulad ng:
      • Pangalan ng bata;
      • Petsa at lugar ng kapanganakan;
      • Pangalan ng ama ng bata kung ito ay illegitimate at kinikilala ng ama;
      • Kung legitimate ang bata, isulat ang petsa at lugar kung saan ikinasal ang mga magulang;
      • Isulat ang dahilan kung bakit hindi na-rehistro ang bata sa loob ng tatlumpung (30) araw mula sa petsa ng kanyang kapanganakan.
  2. Kung 18 years old and above:

Improtanteng ma-kumpirma mo muna na wala ka talagang birth records sa LCR ng iyong birthplace para maiwasan ang tinatawag na Double Registration.  Nangyayari ito kung meron nang birth registration ang isang tao at pagkalipas ng ilang taon ay nagpa-rehistro siyang muli sa ibang munisipyo.  Kung ito ang mangyayari, ang records na susundin ng LCR ay iyong unang registration; ito rin ang record na ipadadala sa PSA for certification.

Source: www.psa.gov.ph

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03 - 14 (2)

This summer, various government agencies will be opening its doors to qualified high school and college students who wish to work and earn a few bucks while waiting for classes to resume. Interested applicants must meet the following requirements:

  1. Student / out-of-school youth at least 15 years old but not more than 24 years old;
  2. Must be enrolled this school year / must have the intention to enroll next school year (if out-of-school);
  3. The combined annual net income of both parents, including his/her own income if any, must not exceed Php 143,000;
  4. Student must have obtained at least an average passing grade during the last school year / term attended; and
  5. Must possess office skills such as knowledge in computer applications.

Documentary Requirements:

  1. SPES FORM 2 – APPLICATION FORM (Special Program for Employment of Students).
  2. PSA Birth Certificate
  3. Photocopy of latest Income Tax Return of parents or certification issued by BIR that the parents are exempted from payment of tax, or
  4. Original Certificate of Indigence or
  5. Original Certificate of Low Income issued by the barangay.

All applications must be submitted to the following address, on or before March 27, 2017.

Office of the Youth Formation Division, 3rd Floor, Mabini Building, DepEd Central Office, Meralco Avenue, Pasig City.

You may also scan the application and requirements and send in zipped file format to blss.yfd@deped.gov.ph

Source:

http://www.rappler.com/nation/163846-news-briefs-philippines-march-13-2017?utm_source=twitter&utm_medium=referral

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03-06

Of all the questions and clarifications we regularly receive through this blog, changing the last name of an illegitimate child tops our list.  These questions often come from single moms who either:

  1. Gave their maiden last name to their illegitimate child and now wants the child to use the last name of the biological father;
  2. Gave their maiden last name to their illegitimate child and now wants the child to use the last name of the adoptive father;
  3. Gave the biological father’s last name to the illegitimate child and now wants the father’s last name dropped from the child’s name and replace it with her last name.

Today’s blog shall focus on these three circumstances and how the processes of achieving the desired results differ from each other.  If you are about to become a single mom, this article may help you in deciding whose last name your child should carry.

What does the Family Code say about illegitimate children?

According to Executive Order No. 209, otherwise known as the Family Code of the Philippines, illegitimate children are children conceived and born outside a valid marriage (Art. 164).  Under the same E.O., illegitimate children shall use the surname and shall be under the parental authority of their mother. (Art. 176).

In 2004 however, Article 176 was amended by virtue of R.A. 9255.  The new law allows illegitimate children to use the surname of their biological father, provided that the father acknowledges his paternity over the child.

How does this new law affect the three cases of changing the last name of illegitimate children?

Before R.A. 9255 took effect, an illegitimate child shall carry its mother’s last name (while the middle name field is left blank) until the biological parents marry and the child is subsequently legitimated.  With the amendment of Article 176 (of R.A. 209), single mothers (and fathers!) now have the option to have the child carry the biological father’s last name in their birth certificates.

a. If an illegitimate child, carrying his mother’s maiden last name, wants to start using his father’s last name, he needs to execute a document, private or public, where he is recognized by his father as his child.  Such documents may be:

  • The affidavit found at the back of the Certificate of Live Birth (COLB); or
  • A separate PUBLIC document executed by the father, expressly recognizing the child as his.  The document should be handwritten and signed by the father; or
  • A separate PRIVATE handwritten instrument such as the Affidavit to Use the Surname of the Father (AUSF).  Note that the AUSF is used when the birth has been registered under the mother’s surname, with or without the father’s recognition.

b. If an illegitimate child, carrying his mother’s maiden last name, wants to use the last name of his adoptive father.

  • This shall follow the process of legal adoption.

c. If the single mother wants to drop the last name of the illegitimate child’s biological father from the child’s birth certificate.

  • This is a relatively new scenario that may have surfaced after R.A. 9255 took effect.  When unmarried parents decide to let the child use the father’s last name and then separate later on, the single mother may soon decide that her child’s birth certificate is better off without her ex-partner’s name on it.
  • This case needs to undergo court hearing and the results are entirely dependent on how the proceedings will go.  This may also entail more costs, time, and effort before a favorable result is achieved.

While the said amendment gives parents the liberty to let their illegitimate child carry the biological father’s name (or any other man’s name for that matter, as long as he is willing to let his last name be used by the child), it also opens opportunities for problems on the child’s birth certificate when the mother and the father do not end up marrying each other.  Keep in mind that after a child’s birth certificate has been duly registered at the LCR and a copy has been released to the PSA, any changes, especially those affecting the child’s last name, may prove to be more complicated than we would care to admit.

What is a single parent’s best recourse in order to avoid problems on the child’s last name?

If we are to base our answer on the above scenarios, then the best option would be for a single mother to simply let her child use her maiden last name, sans the middle name.  This leaves enough room for changes later on, minus the hassle of a court order.

a. If the child is using his mother’s maiden name, he can easily adopt his biological father’s last name in case his parents marry later on;

b. If the child’s mother marries a different man, the stepfather may simply adopt the child and give the child the legal right to carry his name.  Without adoption, the child is free to carry his mother’s maiden last name.

This is merely a personal opinion based solely on the numerous cases of dropping the last name of an illegitimate child due to unforeseen circumstances between his unmarried parents.  You are free to choose the option you deem best and applicable to your situation.  As an additional option, consider it best to consult a lawyer who may be able to provide you with professional advise on your situation.

Reference: http://www.psa.gov.ph

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