Tag Archive: LTO driver’s license


07 - 17

A leading cause of traffic jams and road mishaps are drivers who deliberately disobey traffic rules.  It could be as uncomplicated as tailgating another vehicle, to overtaking on single or double white lines, to beating red lights especially when there are no traffic enforcers around.

If drivers knew how much they would have to pay, apart from the damages they could cause others because of their negligence, they would probably be a lot more careful on the road.

Our fourth installment in this series will focus on fines and penalties for Frauds and Falsities, and Traffic Violations.  Read on!

1. Frauds and Falsities

Violation Fines and Penalties (Php)
1. Use of fake plates / sticklers / pursuant documents 2,000 to 4,000 to be imposed upon the owner and / or driver of the subject MV.
2. Misrepresenting a copy of a document pertinent to a motor vehicle before the Traffic Adjudication Services 1,500 to be imposed upon the driver or owner.

2. Traffic Violations

Violation Fines and Penalties (Php)
1. Parking

a. Within an intersection

b. Within 5 meters of the intersection

c. 4 meters from the driveway entrance

d. Within 4 meters from a fire hydrant

e. In front of a private driveway

f. On the roadway side of any unmoving or parked MV at the curb edge of the highway.

g. At any place where signs of prohibitions have been installed.

200
2. Reckless Driving

Such as but not limited to the following:

a. Disregarding Traffic Signs

–  Failure to yield right-of-way;

– Failure to yield right-of-way to ambulance police or fire department vehicles;

– Failure to yield right-of-way at a “through highway” or a “stop intersection”

– Failure to give proper signal

– Illegal turn

– Failure to stop motor vehicle and notch handbrake of motor vehicle when unattended

– Unsafe towing.

b. Allowing passenger on top or cover of a motor vehicle except in a truck helper.

c. Failure to provide canvass cover to cargos or freight of trucks requiring the same.

d. Permitting passenger to ride on running board stepboard or mudguard of MV while in motion.

e. Driving for hire motor vehicles in slippers.

f. Driving in a place not intended for traffic or into place not allowed for parking.

g. Hitching or permitting a person or a bicycle, tricycle or skate roller to hitch a motor vehicle.

h. Driving against traffic.

i. Illegal overtaking.

j. Overtaking at unsafe distance.

k. Cutting an overtaking vehicle.

l. Failure to give way to an overtaking vehicle.

m. Increasing speed when being overtaken.

n. Overtaking when left side is not visible or clear of oncoming traffic.

o. Overtaking upon a crest of a grade.

p. Overtaking upon a curve.

q. Overtaking at any railway grade crossing.

r. Overtaking at any intersection.

s. Overtaking between “men working” or “caution” signs.

t. Overtaking at no overtaking zone.

u. Failure to yield the right-of-way.

v. Failure to stop traversing a “through a highway or railroad” crossing.

1,000 – 1st offense

1,500 – 2nd offense and suspension of DL for two months.

2,000 – 3rd offense and suspension of DL for six months

5,000 – succeeding offense and revocation of DL

3. Obstruction

Obstructing the free passage of other vehicles on the highway while discharging or taking passengers or loading and unloading freight, or driving a motor vehicle is such a manner as to obstruct or impede the passage of any vehicle.

200

In our final article, we will feature the violations involving taxi units and other non-traffic violations that can still be fined and penalized by LTO and MMDA.

If you have questions about the LTO, traffic rules, fines and penalties, send us a short message and we will do our best to find the answers for you.

Source: www.lto.gov.ph

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07 - 14

Our third installment on our LTO Fines and Penalties series is all about limits on cargo weight and illegal operation of motor vehicles, more particularly those that are used as public conveyance.  The fines are exorbitant, so make sure you stay within the limits set by the LTO and the MMDA if you belong in these categories.

Read on!

  1. Weights and Load Limits
Violation Fines and Penalties (Php)
1. Load extending beyond the projected without permit 500 – to be imposed upon the driver.
2. Axle overloading An amount equivalent to 25% of MVUC at the time of infringement on owner/operator or driver of trucks and trailers for loading beyond their registered gross weight, vehicle weight.  The penalty shall be waived for loads exceeding the registered GVW by a tolerance of less than 5%.  No motor vehicle shall be allowed to proceed on the roadway if either a dual-wheel axle load shall exceed 13,500 kgs. Or the vehicle load exceeds 150% of the maximum allowable gross weight.
3. Operating a passenger trtuck (bus) with cargo exceeding 160 kgs. 300 – to be imposed upon either the driver / operator / conductor.
4. Allowing more passenger and / or freight or cargo in excess of carrying capacity of MV 300 – to be imposed upon either the driver / operator or conductor.
5. Baggage or freight carried on top of truck exceeds 20 kgs. per square meter and not distributed in such a manner as not to endanger the passenger or stability of the truck. 400

2. Prohibited or Illegal Operation of Motor Vehicles

Violation Fines and Penalties (Php)
1. Out of line For Operators / Owners

 

1st offense – 6,000 for and additional 1,500 per day reckoned from the day of apprehension until the case was settled and suspension of registration and / or impoundment of MV for three months.

 

2nd offense – 6,000 and additional 2,000 per day reckoned from the day of apprehension until the case was settled and suspension of registration and / or impoundment of MV for six months.

 

3rd offense – 6,000 and additional 2,500 per day reckoned from the day of apprehension until the case was settled, revocation of registration and forever banned from applying for a franchise and / or revocation of franchise if franchise holder.

 

For Drivers:

 

1st offense – 250 and suspension of DL for three months.

2nd offense – 500 and suspension of DL for six months.

3rd offense – 750 and suspension of DL for one year.

2. Colorum Operation For operators and owners:

 

1st offense – 6,000 and additional 1,500 per day reckoned from the day of apprehension until the case was settled and suspension of registration and / or impoundment of MV for three months.

 

2nd offense – 6,000 and additional 2,000 per day reckoned from the day of apprehension until the case was settled and suspension of registration and / or impoundment of MV for six months.

 

3rd offense – 6,000 and additional 2,500 per day reckoned from the day of apprehension until the case was settled, revocation of registration and forever banned from applying for a franchise and / or revocation of franchise if franchise holder.

 

For drivers:

 

1st offense – 250 and suspension of DL for three months.

 

2nd offense – 500 and suspension of DL for six months.

 

3rd offense – 750 and suspension of DL for one year

3. Operating a motor vehicle with expired franchise (CPC) Driver – 500

Operator / owner / possessor of MV – 1,000 per day from the date of expiry to date of the CPC.

–          The place, OR/CR of the subject MV shall be suspended for 6 months from the date of apprehension in addition to the fines.

4. Operating or using a “for hire” motor vehicle different from its types of service mentioned in the CPC. First Offense:

For driver – 1,000

For operator – 3,000

 

–          For hire MOTOR VEHICLES used by the members of the family of the operator, during emergency cases is allowed.

 

Second offense:

For driver – 2,000

For operator – 4,000

 

–          And suspension of plates, OR/CR for six months

 

For subsequent offenses and suspension of DL, plate, OR/CR for one year

For driver – 3,000

For operator – 5,000

 

Next week, we will tackle violations on franchising and traffic policies.

If you have questions on LTO fines and penalties, send us a message and we will do our best to find the answers for you.

Source: www.lto.gov.ph

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07 - 11

Anong violation ko?

That is a common defense mechanism of most drivers who go against road rules but would like to dodge fines and penalties.  Does it work?  Well, sometimes it does (with the help of a few hundred bucks).  But most of the time, traffic enforcers choose to slap you with a ticket and worse, confiscate your driver’s license.

Being apprehended for a traffic violation is not such a bad thing.  We all need to learn a lesson or two in order not to commit the same errors in the future, don’t we?  What’s not good about the whole ticket-tubos hullabaloo is when the erring driver is made to pay more than what the law prescribed for his violation.  Has this happened to you before?

Arguing with corrupt enforcers will not get you anywhere.  Unless you know better than them, you will always end up on the losing end.  So to help drivers avoid paying more than what their violation requires, we researched on the LTO-approved rates for traffic and administrative violations’ fines and penalties.

Remember, knowledge is power.

Read on.

  1. Violations in Connection with Licensing
VIOLATION PENALTY (PHP)
1. Driving without license. 1,500
2. Driving with delinquent or expired license. 400
3. Driving with suspended or revoked or improper license. 1,000
4. Failure to carry Driver’s License 200
5. Failure to sign Driver’s License 200
6. Driving under the influence of liquor

First offense

Second offense

For subsequent violations after the second offense.

 

5,000 – and two months suspension of DL

5,000 – and three months suspension of DL

6,000 – and six months suspension of DL;

After third offense, automatic revocation of DL.

7. Driving under the influence of drugs 10,000 – and automatic revocation of license.
8. Allowing an unlicensed/improperly licensed person to drive a motor vehicle. 1,000 – and suspension of plates, registrations and Driver’s License for two months.
9. Possession and use of fake / spurious Driver’s License

– Driver has been issued an authentic license, it shall be suspended for one year in addition to the fine.

– Driver has not bee issued an authentic license, he shall be disqualified from securing a Driver’s License for a period of two years.

2,000
10. Conviction of the driver of a crime using a motor vehicle. 3,000
11. Student driver operating an MV without being accompanied by a licensed driver. 500
12. Unlicensed conductor of a motor vehicle for hire. 500
13. Operating / driving a motor vehicle which is unregistered / improperly registered or with invalid registration 2,000

–          If committed by the driver without the knowledge and consent of the owner/operator.

–          If the driver is also the owner / possessor of the subject motor vehicle.

4,000

–          In both cases the motor vehicle shall be impounded or the plates if any shall be confiscated and shall not be released until properly registered.

14. Operating a motor vehicle with unregistered substitute or replacement engine, engine block or chassis. 5,000

–          The subject MV shall be impounded until such parts are properly registered.

15. Failure to carry Certificate of Registration or Official Receipt of Registration. 150.00
16. Operating / allowing the operation of MV with a suspended / revoked Certified / Official Receipt of Registration 1,000

–          The subject MV shall be impounded and its plate held during the suspension.

–          In addition to the original suspension, the said MV and plates shall further be suspended for two years.

17. Tourist operating or allowing the use of non-Philippine registered motor vehicle beyond the 90 day period of his sojourn in the country. 5,000

–          The MV shall not be allowed to operate by the confiscation of its plates, OR and CR until properly registered.

–          In addition, if the driver is a holder of local driver’s license, the same shall be suspended for one month.

 Tomorrow we will feature violations in connection with number plates, equipment, parts, accessories, and markings on motor vehicles.  These lists will include public utility vehicles, especially those that operate under a franchise.  Please share these articles with all drivers you know, whether driving a private or public utility vehicle.

If you have questions regarding traffic violations and the corresponding penalties, send us a message and we will try our best to find the answers for you.

See you again tomorrow and drive safely!

Source: http://www.lto.gov.ph

Chips And Nibblers (1)

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02-03-1

If your vehicle spews dark, toxic fumes, you should be apprehended by a Land Transportation Office (LTO) deputy wearing a green ID, while a UV Express conveying passengers in areas that are not within its designated route should be apprehended by one wearing a blue ID.

And so goes the most recent project of the LTO in yet another attempt to instill discipline and order in day-to-day traffic in Metro Manila and the rest of the country.

The LTO deputized officers from the DENR, DPWH, and the Highway Patrol Group to deal with specific road violations and issue the corresponding sanctions.  Each deputy officer is issued a color-coded ID that will clearly identify the agency he represents and the violations covered by his jurisdiction.  It is also an added means to ensure that the officer apprehending a driver or vehicle owner is duly authorized by the LTO.  This is in light of recent reports where drivers plying Metro Manila’s main thoroughfares are apprehended by individuals posing as officers from the HPG or LTO.  These encounters often result to extortion and harassment especially among female drivers.

What do the colors mean?

a. Orange ID cards

These are worn by personnel from the Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH).  They are tasked to call out drivers with overloaded vehicles.

b. Green ID cards

These are worn by deputized officers from the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) and are tasked to apprehend smoke-belchers.

c. Blue ID cards

These are for Highway Patrol Group officers as well as MMDA deputies who are on the lookout for franchise violators.

d. White ID cards.

An officer bearing a white ID card is an LTO personnel who is authorized to apprehend drivers for all traffic violations.

The public is encouraged to cooperate in the government’s effort to instill discipline on the road by proactively asking for the officer’s ID when apprehended.  Deputized personnel should not be implementing rules except for the color they are assigned to.  Should a driver be issued a traffic ticket that is beyond the designation of the issuing officer, LTO’s system will be alerted and the officer’s privileges will be revoked.

Already, this move by the LTO has received numerous negative reactions from the public.  Drivers are calling for an awareness campaign from the government to help them become more familiar with the color codes.

Do you agree with the color-coded IDs of LTO traffic deputies?  Let us know what you think!

Source:

http://news.abs-cbn.com/news/02/01/17/lto-color-codes-traffic-deputies-ids-to-show-scope-of-duties

Chips And Nibblers (1)

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CTPL

All car owners are required by the Land Transportation Office (LTO) to secure a Compulsory Third Party Liability (CTPL) insurance upon registering their car.

Some questions that most first-time vehicle owners ask about CTPL are:

  • Why do I need a CTPL?
  • Who are covered by the CTPL?  Who is the ‘third party’?
  • Is the basic CTPL from the LTO enough to cover our car insurance needs?
  • How is the CTPL different from a comprehensive car insurance?

To help us appreciate the value of maintaining a CTPL insurance for our vehicles, below are the details of its benefits and why the government mandates that all vehicles be covered with one.

  1. A CTPL protects ‘third parties’ from the possible damages that may arise from an accident involving the insured vehicle.  A car cannot be without this type of insurance coverage as it is required by law.
  2. ‘Third parties’, as defined under Section 373, Chapter VI of the Insurance Code of the Philippines, are the following:
    • Any person other than a passenger;
    • Not a member of the household, or a member of the family within the second degree of consanguinity or affinity of the vehicle owner;
    • Not his employee in respect to death, bodily injury, or damage to property arising out of and in the course of employment.
    • The vehicle owner’s friends and other persons who are not his relatives but are riding in his car are considered third parties, not passengers.
    • A ‘third party’ may either be inside or outside your car.
    • A passenger of a public utility vehicle becomes a ‘third party’ the moment he alights from the vehicle.
  3. ‘Passengers’ are defined the Insurance Code of the Philippines as:
    • Any fare paying person being transported and conveyed in and by a motor vehicle for transportation of passengers for compensation;
    • Persons expressly authorized by law or by the vehicle’s operator or his agent to ride without fare;
  4. The CTPL covers the car owner’s legal responsibility over the third party’s injury or death resulting from an accident involving the insured vehicle.  This means that the insurance will provide immediate financial assistance to the victim and his dependents while discharging the vehicle owner from liabilities.  All these shall be provided for regardless of the car owner’s financial capacity.  The current CTPL coverage is Php 100,000.00.
  5. Comprehensive car insurances have wider coverage than CTPL.  It includes insurance against damages and liabilities caused by collisions, fire, acts of God or nature, personal accident insurance of the passenger, and car theft.  Some insurances provide financial assistance for car repairs, regular maintenance check-ups, and roadside assistance.  It also costs more to acquire a comprehensive car insurance; it is optional, not mandated by law.

Make sure that your CTPL policy is genuine and updated.  Avoid entrusting your car registration documents to fixers and individuals posing as liaison officers for the LTO.  This is one important errand you need to get done personally to be sure that your vehicle is properly and legitimately registered and provided with a CTPL insurance.

Sources:

http://pinoyinsure.blogspot.com/2011/08/what-is-compulsory-third-party.html

http://business.inquirer.net/190568/is-car-insurance-a-necessity

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MMDA

The Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA) re-implemented the No Contact Traffic Apprehension Policy last April 15, 2016.  This approach in monitoring traffic flow and violations in Metro Manila utilizes CCTV cameras and other gadgets to identify drivers that go against traffic rules in Metro Manila.  Violators are issued summons from the MMDA through personal service of an MMDA personnel, registered mail, or courier service.  When the vehicle owner receives the summon or violation notice, he has to settle the fine at the MMDA main office or through any of MMDA’s payment centers.

Here is a step-by-step process on how to settle your MMDA Traffic Violation:

1. If your violation notice has not exceeded 7 days yet, you may pay your fine at the nearest Metrobank branch or any of the following MMDA payment centers below:

  • Meralco Complex – Gate 2, Ortigas Ave., Pasig City
  • Pinagkamaligan, Tanay – MA Roxas St., Brgy. Pinagkamaligan (beside Meralco Office)
  • Tropical Hut Taytay – Ortigas Ave., Ext., Corner E. Rodriguez Ave., Taytay, Rizal
  • Ever Commonwealth
  • Gulod Novaliches – 873 Quirino Hi-way (beside Meralco Nova).
  • Pritil, Tondo – Juan Luna St., (beside Puregold Pritil), Tondo, Manila
  • Cangatba, Porac – Cangatba (back of Municipal Hall of Porac), Porac, Pampanga
  • Ultra Mega Paliparan – Paliparan Road (inside Ultra Mega Supermarket), Dasmarinas, Cavite
  • Zapote Arcade – beside Puregold Zapote, corner Quirino, Zapote Road.
  • Romacom, Muntinlupa – Romacom Bldg., (beside PNB Poblacion), Muntinlupa City

2. If your violation notice has exceeded 7 days, you need to proceed to the MMDA Redemption Office located at Edsa cor. Orense St., Guadalupe Nuevo, Makati City.  Pay your clearance fee at Window 1.

3. If you have more than 3 unpaid violations, you need to attend the Traffic Academy and secure a Certificate of Attendance before you can pay the total amount of your accumulated violations.

4. For any disputes or contentions on your violation notice, you may proceed to the MMDA Traffic Adjudication Division.

Before proceeding to the MMDA office or before making any payments, make sure that the violation was issued by an MMDA enforcer.  Check with a local traffic enforcer.

Violators who refuse to pay their fines, in spite of receiving a Final Notice from the MMDA, will not be allowed to renew their vehicle’s registration.  The violator and details of the vehicle will also be included in the Alarm List and will be reported to LTO.

Source:  http://www.mmda.gov.ph/index.php/20-faq/293-procedure-in-settling-your-mmda-issued-traffic-violations

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Motorcycle Ban

Noong 2015, nai-report na sa kabuuan ng mga road traffic accidents sa buong bansa, 53% ay mga Motorcycle Riders, pangatlo lamang sa listahan ang mga 4-wheeled vehicle drivers.

Nangyayari ang mga aksidente sa mga motorsiklo kahit na may mga naipatupad nang batas para sa road safety tulad ng speed limit, pag-gamit ng helmets, pagbabawal magmaneho sa mga naka-inom ng alak, at pagbabawal mag-angkas ng maliliit na bata.  Ngunit kahit na may mga ganitong batas nang ipinatupad, mapapansin na hindi ito mahigpit na ini-implement at marami pa din ang nakakalusot at lumalabag sa mga ito.  Ang resulta, napakataas na bilang ng mga motorcycle-related road accidents sa lahat ng panig ng bansa.

Marami ang nahihikayat na bumili ng motorsiklo bilang personal na transportasyon dahil matipid ito sa gas, mabilis kang maihahatid sa iyong pupuntahan, at mura ang monthly amortization.  Ngunit kasama sa pagmamaneho nito ang risk o peligro sa kalsada, lalo na sa mga “freeway” tulad ng Edsa at Commonwealth Avenue.

Sa kanyang panayam sa Bandila noong Miyerkules, July 6, 2016, sinabi ni LTO Chief Edgar Galvante na sang-ayon siya sa pag-babawal ng mga motorsiklo sa mga highway sa bansa.  Kung maipapatupad ang planong ito, hindi na maaaring gumamit ng mga national highways ang mga motorsiklo tulad ng Edsa, Commonwealth Avenue, Quezon Avenue, at iba pang main thoroughfares sa Manila at iba pang mga bayan at siyudad.

Sang-ayon ka ba sa idea na ipagbawal na ang mga motorsiklo sa mga main highways?  Bakit o bakit hinde?

Source: http://news.abs-cbn.com/video/nation/metro-manila/07/05/16/lto-chief-gustong-ipagbawal-ang-motorsiklo-sa-mga-highway

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Validity Extension

If you’ve ever lined up to get your driver’s license and passport renewed, you pretty much have an idea how these processes can take up so much of your schedule.  Both are needed in order to perform mundane tasks such as driving yourself to work and your children to school, or traveling for business or leisure.  And because of that, you have no choice but to go through the renewal processes, at least once every five years.

The incoming administration is reportedly considering the extension of the validity periods of Passports and Driver’s Licenses — from the short period of five years for passports and three years for driver’s licenses, to 10 years for both.

According to recent reports, the idea stemmed from the public’s clamor for means to save on time, effort, and money when processing the renewal of these IDs.  The DFA also considered the fact that the U.S. Embassy now grants 10-year multiple entry visas to Pinoy applicants and thus, it is but fitting to make passports valid for the same period for the traveler’s convenience.

The public is forewarned that should the idea progress and be implemented soon, they can expect additional costs on the processing of the said IDs.  A 10-year passport validity would mean more pages (from 44 pages to 60 pages) and that would entail cost.

Are you in favor of this proposal or would you rather retain the current validity periods for passports and driver’s licenses?

Source: http://news.abs-cbn.com/video/nation/06/28/16/duterte-admin-eyes-longer-validity-for-passports-licenses

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 Student Permit.jpg

Driving is a skill that every citizen must possess.  You can go to a driving school to learn or be mentored by a parent or a relative.  In my case, I learned from my friends who would sneak out of their homes in the dead of the night, pushing their parents’ trusty sedans ever so silently out of the garage.  We would practice in subdivisions and vacant lots until the wee hours of the morning.  My parents were shocked to find out I could drive at the age of 16, and how!  Nevertheless, they took me to LTO to secure my Student Permit and my dad took over teaching me how to drive – the responsible way.

Are you itching to get your hands on that steering wheel?  Well, wait no more.  If you are at least 16 years old, you may apply for your very own Student’s Permit and begin learning how to drive in no time.

Here’s how:

  1. Qualifications
    • Must be at least sixteen (16) years old.
    • Must be physically and mentally fit to operate a motor vehicle.
    • Must be able to read and write in English and Filipino.
  2. Documentary Requirements
    • Properly accomplished Application for Driver’s License.  You may download a copy of the form here and fill it out with the correct information before proceeding to the LTO.
    • Original and photocopy of your PSA Authenticated Birth Certificate with Official Receipt.
    • Medical Certificate issued by any licensed physician practicing in the Philippines.
  3. Procedure
    • Proceed to the Customer Service Counter to get your checklist of requirements and secure a Driver’s License Application Form (Or download the form and fill out prior to your visit to LTO.  Bring the accomplished copy when you visit LTO).  Secure a queue number and wait for your number to be called.  In some cases, they will announce your name and the window number where you need to proceed; pay attention and avoid wearing your earphones or talking on the phone while waiting for your name to be called.
    • When your number is called, proceed to the evaluator counter and submit all the required documents and have it checked for completeness and authenticity.
    • Proceed to the photo taking/signature area to have your picture and signature taken when your name is called.
    • Proceed to the Cashier when your name is called to pay the necessary fees and obtain an Official Receipt.
    • Proceed to the Releasing Counter when your name is called and present the Official Receipt and claim the Student Driver’s Permit.
  4. Fees and Charges
    • Student Permit (SP) Fee                Php 150.00
    • Application Fee                                Php 100.00
    • Computer Fee                                   Php 67.63
    • TOTAL                                                  Php 317.63

You may apply for your Student’s Permit at any Licensing Center or District Office with Driver’s License transactions.

Remember that even if you have a Student’s Permit to drive, you need to be accompanied by a regular driver’s license holder every time you operate a motor vehicle.  You must never go out driving on your own.

Source:http://www.lto.gov.ph/services/drivers-licensing/112-license-related-transactions#studentPermitFilipino

Bonjour. Mabuhay.

When applying for a driver’s license. Eto ang mga paraan para maging handa ka 🙂

How to apply for a driver’s license?

Procedure:

1. Proceed to the Customer Service Counter to have your documents checked for completeness, and secure a Driver’s License Application Form. Get a queue number and wait for your number to be called.

2. When your number is called, proceed to the transaction counters to submit all required documents to the Evaluator.

3. Proceed to the Photo taking/Signature Area to have your picture and signature taken when your name is called.

4. Proceed to the Cashier when your name is called to pay the necessary fees and obtain an Official Receipt.

5. Proceed to the Releasing Counter, present the Official Receipt and claim the temporary student permit/license.

Note: Medical Examination  (After Step 1), Actual and Written Exam are required for Non-Professional and Professionals Driver’s License.(After Step

Restrictions:

● Restriction 1 – Motorcycles/Motorized Tricycles

● Restriction 2 – Vehicle up to 4500 kg Gross Vehicle Weight

● Restriction 3 – Vehicle above 4500 kg Gross Vehicle Weight

● Restriction 4 – Automatic Clutch up to 4500 kg Gross Vehicle Weight

● Restriction 5 – Automatic Clutch above 4500 kg Gross Vehicle Weight

● Restriction 6 – Articulated Vehicle 1600 kg Gross Vehicle Weight & Below

● Restriction 7 – Articulated Vehicle 1601 kg up to 4500 kg Gross Vehicle Weight

● Restriction 8 – Articulated Vehicle 4501 kg & above Gross Vehicle Weight

Note: Restrictions 1, 2, & 4 only for Non-professional driver’s license.

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