What are the consequences of wrong information on official documents such a child’s certificate of live birth? How can these be corrected?
Dindo and Karen were childhood sweethearts who got separated while they were attending college in different provinces. When they began working in Manila, their paths crossed again and this time, Dindo did not waste time and asked for Karen’s hand in marriage. They got married in civil rites and in about five months, announced that they were expecting their first child.
One year into their marriage, Karen gave birth to a healthy baby girl. Dindo accomplished the certificate of live birth at the hospital, wrote down all the details needed including the date of their marriage the year before that.
In 2014, their daughter turned six years old, ready to begin pre-school. Both parents were excited to enroll her at the neighborhood Montessori. Karen was given a list of required documents for submission and foremost were copies of the child’s PSA birth certificate and the couple’s PSA marriage certificate. Karen ordered for copies of the said documents and was oddly surprised to find out that the PSA does not have a record of their civil wedding.
They did not bother to check with the solemnizing officer who married them six years ago. Instead, they got married again and this time, made sure that their papers were duly submitted to the PSA for proper certification. Before the year ended, they got hold of a copy of their PSA-certified marriage certificate. At last, they can enroll their daughter to school!
Or so they thought. The headmistress of the school pointed out that the date of their marriage on their child’s birth certificate does not agree with the date on their marriage certificate. And although they are not refusing the child’s enrollment, the couple needs to submit the correct copies of their documents before the school year ends.
So what should Karen and Dindo do in order to get their family’s civil registry documents corrected and aligned?
As in any other case of Negative Certification (issued by the PSA if your requested civil registry document does not appear in their files), Karen and Dindo need to check with the solemnizing officer who married them six years ago and find out if he had submitted their documents to the LCR of that city / municipality. If he did, they need to check with the LCR if they have the copy and request that the LCR endorse a copy to the PSA for the necessary certification.
But how about their subsequent marriage? Will this have an effect on the integrity of their existing civil registry documents?
The details of the couple’s first marriage, after LCR has endorsed the documents to the PSA for proper certification, shall be followed in all of their other documents, including their child’s birth certificate. Their second marriage is considered a “renewal of vows” but its details (date, place) shall not supersede the details of their first marriage.